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Keywords: bubbles
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Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. May 2012, 134(3): 031019.
Published Online: July 15, 2011
...M. I. Yaras This paper presents measurements of the instability and transition processes in separation bubbles under a three-dimensional freestream pressure distribution. The measurements are performed on a flat plate on which a pressure distribution is imposed by a contoured surface facing...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. May 2012, 134(3): 031009.
Published Online: July 14, 2011
...Jeffrey P. Bons; Jon Pluim; Kyle Gompertz; Matthew Bloxham; John P. Clark The synchronous application of flow control in the presence of unsteady wakes was studied on a highly loaded low pressure turbine blade. At low Reynolds numbers, the blade exhibits a nonreattaching separation bubble under...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. October 2011, 133(4): 041025.
Published Online: April 26, 2011
... in the tip region ( M > 1.5 ) lead to large local variations in recovery temperature. Significant changes in the heat-transfer coefficient are also observed. These are due to changes in the structure of the tip flow at high speed. At high speeds, the pressure side corner separation bubble reattachment...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. October 2011, 133(4): 041021.
Published Online: April 25, 2011
..., but that it can reseparate between disturbances. When the disturbances occur at high enough frequency, the time available for separation is reduced, and the separation bubble remains closed at all times. Phase averaged mean velocity profiles for Re = 50,000 cases, columns for six streamwise stations...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. October 2011, 133(4): 041004.
Published Online: April 19, 2011
... -omega turbulence model. The code predicted that these changes in leading edge shape can lead to alternating pressure gradients in the first few percent of chord that create small separation bubbles and possibly early transition to turbulence. The change in total pressure loss and trailing edge deviation...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. October 2010, 132(4): 041006.
Published Online: April 27, 2010
... the optimal location of peak velocity on the surface. Moving the velocity peak forward on the blade was found to be increasingly beneficial when bubble-generated losses are high, i.e. at low Reynolds number, at low reduced frequency, and at high diffusion factors. Symmetric, contoured liners above and below...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. July 2010, 132(3): 031002.
Published Online: March 24, 2010
..., a small separation bubble forms near the leading edge blend point resulting in almost continuous turbulent flow over the whole incidence range studied. Walraevens , R. E. , and Cumpsty , N. A. , 1995 , “ Leading Edge Separation Bubbles on Turbomachine Blades ,” ASME J. Turbomach. 0889...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. July 2010, 132(3): 031003.
Published Online: March 24, 2010
..., an extensive separation bubble is formed on the pressure side, and film cooling performance in such a flow field has to be investigated. Experimental results with a curved duct setup, which simulates the flow field around the proposed airfoil, show that a film cooling is still an effective measure of cooling...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. January 2010, 132(1): 011014.
Published Online: September 17, 2009
.... Results of the BRI experiments showed a performance degradation between mid- and far spacings, which was not observed in SMI. This trend is seen in the numerical work as well, and the time-averaged data show that the majority of this performance change occurred in the rotor. An unsteady separation bubble...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. January 2010, 132(1): 011007.
Published Online: September 16, 2009
...) ranging from 25,000 to 330,000. In all cases, the boundary layer separated, but at high Reynolds number the separation bubble remained very thin and quickly reattached after transition to turbulence. In the low Reynolds number cases, the boundary layer separated and did not reattach, even when transition...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. January 2010, 132(1): 011004.
Published Online: September 11, 2009
...Brian R. McAuliffe; Metin I. Yaras Through numerical simulations, this paper examines the nature of instability mechanisms leading to transition in separation bubbles. The results of two direct numerical simulations are presented in which separation of a laminar boundary layer occurs over a flat...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. October 2009, 131(4): 041013.
Published Online: July 6, 2009
... bubble, which was observed to reattach laminar in the absence of wakes. The presence of the wake moved the separation position forward while inducing a turbulent reattachment upstream of the leading-edge time-average reattachment position. This produced a region of very high momentum thickness...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. April 2009, 131(2): 021003.
Published Online: January 22, 2009
... unsteady flow field in a 1.5-stage axial low-pressure (LP) turbine. A Reynolds number typical for LP turbines as well as a two-dimensional blade design were chosen. Stator 2 was developed as a high-lift profile with a separation bubble on the suction side. This paper presents the results that were obtained...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. April 2009, 131(2): 021004.
Published Online: January 22, 2009
... unsteady flow field in a 1.5-stage axial low-pressure (LP) turbine. A Reynolds number typical for LP turbines as well as a two-dimensional blade design were chosen. Stator 2 was developed as a high-lift profile with a separation bubble on the suction side. This paper presents the results that were obtained...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. April 2009, 131(2): 021006.
Published Online: January 22, 2009
... laminar separation bubble and is subjected to a range of disturbances with triggering caused by injection of a transverse jet and subsequently by wakes generated by rods moving transversely upstream of the leading edge. Wakes were originally presented individually. Each individual wake provoked a vigorous...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. January 2009, 131(1): 011008.
Published Online: October 3, 2008
... where the flow reattaches on the tip surface downstream of the separation bubble. A quantitative assessment using the net heat flux reduction (NHFR) revealed a significant benefit of ejecting coolant inside this separation bubble. Engine-representative blowing rates of approximately 0.6–0.8 resulted...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. January 2009, 131(1): 011004.
Published Online: October 2, 2008
...E. de la Rosa Blanco; H. P. Hodson; R. Vazquez This work describes the effect that the injection of leakage flow from a cavity into the mainstream has on the endwall flows and their interaction with a large pressure surface separation bubble in a low-pressure turbine. The effect of a step in hub...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. October 2008, 130(4): 041018.
Published Online: August 4, 2008
...Brian R. McAuliffe; Metin I. Yaras The development of turbulent spots in a separation bubble under elevated freestream turbulence levels is examined through direct numerical simulation. The flow Reynolds number, freestream turbulence level, and streamwise pressure distribution are typical...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. April 2008, 130(2): 021014.
Published Online: March 21, 2008
... pressure data were taken for Re c = 20,000 with 3% inlet freestream turbulence. For these operating conditions, a large separation bubble forms over the downstream portion of the blade suction surface, extending from 59% to 86% axial chord. Single-element hot-film measurements were acquired to clearly...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Turbomach. April 2008, 130(2): 021009.
Published Online: February 29, 2008
... equal to those measured in earlier studies involving upstream wakes. These pressure field oscillations induced a periodic variation of the transition onset location in the boundary layer. Two turbulence levels were investigated. At a low level of inlet freestream turbulence of 0.5%, a separation bubble...