Combustion instability in annular combustors of jet engines is a recurring issue. In this study, the characteristics of instabilities for different fuels are investigated by combining the instability maps obtained in a laboratory-scale annular combustor equipped with multiple swirling spray injectors (MICCA-spray) and flame describing functions (FDFs) from a single sector configuration (SICCA-spray). Two types of liquid fuels are injected as hollow cone sprays: heptane, which is fairly volatile, and dodecane, which is less volatile. Experiments are also conducted with gaseous propane, perfectly premixed with air, which serves as a reference. An instability map is systematically drawn by varying the global equivalence ratio and thermal power. The data indicate that the amplitude and frequency of instabilities depend, for the same operating point, on the fuel injection conditions (premixed or spray) and fuel type. Overall trends show that premixed propane is unstable in a broad operating domain. Injection of liquid fuels induces changes in flame time lag that modifies the unstable regions. For heptane, the instability map is closer to the propane reference map, whereas dodecane exhibits wider stable regions. An attempt is made to understand these features by examining the FDF, which gives the ratio of relative fluctuations in heat release rate to the relative fluctuations in velocity. The FDFs measured in a single sector configuration give access to gain and phase information that can be used to determine unstable bands and calculate an instability index guiding the interpretation of the differences in instabilities of the three fuels.