An efficient optimal design algorithm is developed to minimize, individually or simultaneously, the total weight of the shaft and the transmitted forces at the bearings. These factors play very important roles in designing a rotor-bearing system under the constraints of critical speeds. The cross-sectional area of the shaft, the bearing stiffness, and the positions of bearings and disks are chosen as the design variables. The dynamic characteristics are determined by applying the generalized polynomial expansion method and the sensitivity analysis is also investigated. For multi-objective optimization, the weighting method (WM), the goal programming method (GPM), and the fuzzy method (FM) are applied. The results show that the present multi-objective optimization algorithm can greatly reduce both the weight of the shaft and the forces at the bearings with critical speed constraints.

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