This paper describes some of the recent work carried out in our laboratory regarding the effects of novel nitrogen compounds in gasoline and diesel fuel on ignition quality and on pollutant emissions. Emphasis is given in studying chemical structures that can be derived from biomass (renewable raw materials). Our approach was to investigate chemical structures that can be derived from biomass, by studying the performance of possible gasoline and diesel extenders as gaged by ignition quality, and also by testing their effectiveness in reducing exhaust emissions under various operating conditions.
Issue Section:Technical Papers
Keywords:renewable energy sources, transportation, fuel, nitrogen compounds, air pollution control, ignition, organic compounds, Octane Number, Cetane Number, Diesel Fuel, Gasoline, Substitutes, Renewable Raw Materials, Exhaust Emissions
Topics:Diesel, Emissions, Exhaust systems, Fuels, Gasoline, Ignition, Nitrogen compounds, Biomass, Engines, Transportation systems, Roads
The Fuel Revolution Continues,”
Worldwide MTBE Capacity Growing at Accelerated Pace,”
Ethers Will Play Key Role in “Clean” Gasoline Blends,”
Oil & Gas Journal,
Dawson, W. M., 1992, “The Fundamental Role of Gasoline Blending Components in Exhaust Emissions,” The Fifth EFOA Conference, pp. 452–465, Brussels, Belgium, October 15–16.
Reuter, R. M., Benson, J. D., Burns, V. R., Gorse, R. A., Hochhauser, A. M., Koehl, W. J., Painter, L. J., Rippon, B. H., and Rutherford, J. A., 1992, “Effects of Oxygenated Fuels and RVP on Automotive Emissions-Auto/Oil Air Quality Improvement Program,” SAE Paper 920326.
Performance Assessment of Novel Substitute Gasoline Components,” Preprints,
Div. Fuel Chemistry ACS,
Syassen, O., 1996, “The Development Potential of Diesel Engines with Biodiesel as Fuel,” Proc., 2nd European Motor Biofuels Forum, Graz, Austria, pp. 191–202.
Priede, T., Schaberg, P. W., and Dutkiewicz, R. K., 1991, “Cylinder Pressure Development in a Diesel Engine Using Alcohols with Cetane Improvers,” Proc., IX International Symposium on Alcohol Fuels, ISAF-Firenze, Italy, pp. 421–428.
ASTM D 2699, 1988, ASTM Manual for Rating Motor Fuels by Research and Motor Methods, Philadelphia, PA.
DIN 51773, 1980, DIN Taschenbuch 57, Mineralole und Brennstoffe 3, Beuth.
Horiba Limited, 1990, Instructions Manual, Automotive Emission Analysers MEXA 574 G. Horiba Limited, Kyoto, Japan.
The Signal Instrument Co., Ltd., 1985, Signal 4000 Series Chemiluminescent Oxides of Nitrogen Analyses Operation Manual.
Western Precipitation Division, JOY Manufacturing Company, 1985, Methods for Determination of Velocity, Volume, Dust and Mist Content of Gases,” 7th Edition, CA.
California Air Resources Board, 1994, Mobil Source Emissions Standards Summary.
European Commission, Brussels, 1996, Proposal for a European Parliament and Council Directive Relating to the Quality of Petrol and Diesel Fuels.
Russel, T. J., 1989, “Additives Influencing Diesel Fuel Combustion,” Critical Reports on Applied Chemistry, Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Additives, The Society of Chemical Industry, Vol. 25, pp. 65–88.
Organicum, 1973, Practical Handbook of Organic Chemistry, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company Inc., pp. 432–521.
Schwab, S. D., Guinther, G. H., Henly, T. J., and Miller, K. T., “The Effects of 2-Ethylhexyl Nitrate and Di-tertiary-butyl Peroxide on the Exhaust Emissions from a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine,” SAE Paper 1999-01-1478.
Serdari, A., 1994, “Novel Methods for the Upgrading of Middle Distillate Petroleum Fractions by Using Substitute Fuel Components and Additives,” doctoral dissertation, Laboratory of Fuel Technology and Lubricants, National Technical University of Athens, Greece.
Copyright © 2001