Research Papers

An Analysis of Critical Stresses and Mode of Failure of a Wire Rope

[+] Author and Article Information
W. L. Starkey

The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

H. A. Cress

Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, Ohio

J. Eng. Ind 81(4), 307-311 (Nov 01, 1959) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4008331 History: Received July 01, 1958; Published November 01, 1959; Online February 20, 2019


Many wire-rope manufacturers and machine designers are under the impression that the significant stress in a wire rope is the tensile stress, or possibly the stress due to tension and bending. This paper proves by mathematical analysis that by far the greatest stress in a wire rope results from Hertz contact stresses at points of contact of wire-on-wire, and asserts that the usual mode of failure of a wire rope is fretting-fatigue initiated at such points of contact. Design relationships based on these concepts should be of great value to designers who use wire rope.

Copyright © 1959 by ASME
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