Research Papers

Thermal Modeling of Temperature Rise for Bone Drilling With Experimental Validation

[+] Author and Article Information
Jianbo Sui

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
The University of Tokyo,
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku,
Tokyo 1138656, Japan
e-mail: jianbo_sui@hotmail.com

Naohiko Sugita

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
The University of Tokyo,
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku,
Tokyo 1138656, Japan
e-mail: sugi@mfg.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Mamoru Mitsuishi

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
The University of Tokyo,
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku,
Tokyo 1138656, Japan
e-mail: mamoru@nml.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received September 20, 2014; final manuscript received June 7, 2015; published online September 9, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Yong Huang.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 137(6), 061008 (Sep 09, 2015) (10 pages) Paper No: MANU-14-1484; doi: 10.1115/1.4030880 History: Received September 20, 2014

This paper provides a methodology to develop a thermal model for predicting the temperature rise during surgical drilling of bone. The thermal model consists of heat generation calculation based on classical machining theory and development of governing equations of heat transfer individually for drill bit and bone. These two governing equations are coupled by shared boundary conditions. Finite-difference method is utilized to approximate the thermal model and effects of drill bit geometry and process parameters on temperature rise are evaluated by comparison with experiments. The simulated results fit well with experiments with respect to different drill bit geometry (<3.02 °C) and process parameters (<4.32 °C).

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Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of drilling process: (a) drill bit geometry, (b) oblique cutting geometry representing one typical section along the cutting lip [34], and (c) cutting angles and three zones for heat generation in the normal plane

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Fig. 2

Heat balance for a typical control volume in drill bit and bone domain

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Fig. 3

Initial and boundary conditions for drill bit and bone thermal systems

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Fig. 4

Temperature distribution at drilling depth 3, 6, and 9 mm with air or water convection

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Fig. 5

Maximum temperature with respect to drilling depth and convection coefficient (spindle speed = 1500 rpm and feed rate = 120 mm/min)

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Fig. 6

Temperature distribution with respect to initial temperature of drill bit (drilling depth = 9 mm)

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Fig. 7

Bone-drilling platform for temperature measurement

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Fig. 8

Thermocouple position for temperature measurement

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Fig. 9

Comparison of temperature rise between simulations and experiments with respect to spindle speed and feed rate

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Fig. 10

Comparison of temperature rise between simulations and experiments with respect to diameter

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Fig. 11

Comparison of temperature rise between simulations and experiments with respect to point angle and helix angle

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Fig. 12

Comparison of temperature rise between simulations and experiments with respect to chisel edge angle and web thickness



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