Technology Review

Five-Axis-Grinding With Toric Tools: A Status Review

[+] Author and Article Information
Berend Denkena, Leif Behrens, Thomas Krawczyk

 Institute of Production Engineering and Machine Tools (IFW), Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover, An der Universität 2, 30823 Garbsen, Germany

Anke Turger1

 Institute of Production Engineering and Machine Tools (IFW), Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover, An der Universität 2, 30823 Garbsen, Germanyturger@ifw.uni-hannover.de


Corresponding author.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 134(5), 054001 (Sep 28, 2012) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4007460 History: Received November 26, 2010; Revised August 09, 2012; Published September 25, 2012; Online September 28, 2012

Free form surfaces are used in various applications, such as in the aviation industry, in the medicine, or for tool and die making. Compressor blades as well as knee prostheses and dies have complex curved surfaces. Five-axis grinding is a possibility to machine such curved surfaces in a high shape accuracy and surface quality. The use of this technology depends on a high degree of the operational background. Furthermore, the complexity of the tool path generation requires the use of computer-aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems. This technical review gives an overview about state of the art of five-axis grinding and presents results, which can close some scientific lacks. Models were developed to predict the surface roughness and material removal dependent on the process parameters. Additionally, the relationship between tool geometry, shape accuracy as well as contact conditions is discussed.

Copyright © 2012 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figure 1

Tool–workpiece contact conditions/roughness mathematical modeled and compared with experimental data

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Figure 2

Principle and ideal geometries of riblet structures

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Figure 3

Shifting and machining strategy for grinding of riblets with five-axis technology

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Figure 4

Engagement of the grinding wheel on differently curved surfaces

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Figure 5

Calculated material removal and specific values during grinding of multiple curved surfaces



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