Adaptive Tool Replacement Policies in Machining Economics

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Iakovou, C. M. Ip

Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Miami, P. O. Box 248294, Coral Gables, FL 33124

C. Koulamas

Decision Sciences and Information Systems, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 118(4), 658-663 (Nov 01, 1996) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2831082 History: Received February 01, 1994; Revised August 01, 1995; Online January 17, 2008


Optimization of the economics of machining comprises the determination of the optimal cutting speed and tool replacement policy. A necessary input to the above approach is knowledge of the parameters of the tool life equation which links tool life to cutting speed. In reality, these parameters are not known and should be estimated based on actual machining data. This paper addresses the above optimization problem in the framework of an adaptive control policy. Replacement times in one production run are used to estimate the mean-time-to-failure of a tool, which is in turn used in a regression model to update estimators of the tool life parameters. Using the newly updated estimates a new cutting speed and preventive replacement policy are then determined for the next production run. The end result is an easily implementable decision making tool which can aid in the continuous improvement of the machining process.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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