An Evaluation of Chip Separation Criteria for the FEM Simulation of Machining

[+] Author and Article Information
J. M. Huang, J. T. Black

Department of Industrial Engineering, Auburn University, AL 36849

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 118(4), 545-554 (Nov 01, 1996) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2831066 History: Received October 01, 1994; Revised June 01, 1995; Online January 17, 2008


Different chip separation criteria for the FEM simulation of machining were examined. Criterion based on distance between the tool tip and the node located immediately ahead, criterion based on maximum shear stress in the element ahead of the tool tip, criterion based on average maximum shear stress in the shear plane, and criterion based on a combination of distance and stress were investigated. Under conditions of smooth separation of chip from workpiece, simulation results showed that, during steady-state cutting, the type of chip separation criteria did not greatly affect chip geometry, nor distributions of stress and strain. The magnitude of the chip separation criteria also did not significantly affect chip geometry and distributions of stress in the chip but it did affect the chip separation process, distributions of stress in the machined surface, and distributions of effective plastic strain both in the chip and in the machined surface. During the initiation of cutting, neither the geometrical nor physical criteria simulate the machining process correctly. A combination of geometric and physical criteria was also recommended in this study.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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