Modeling of Thermal Stresses and Thermal Cracking During Heating of Large Ingots

[+] Author and Article Information
M. K. Alam

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701

R. L. Goetz

UES, Inc., Dayton, OH 45432

S. L. Semiatin

Materials Directorate, Wright Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 118(2), 235-243 (May 01, 1996) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2831016 History: Received May 01, 1993; Revised November 01, 1994; Online January 17, 2008


The development of temperature gradients and thermal stresses during the heating of large ingots has been investigated with special reference to the selection of heating schedules for brittle intermetallic materials such as titanium aluminides. A 1-D analytical (series) solution for radial temperature transients was used in conjunction with an elasticity analysis to determine the maximum thermal stresses that would be generated during ingot heating. The temperature gradients and stresses were seen to be strongly dependent on Fourier and Biot Numbers. In addition, finite element method simulations incorporating end effects and variations of thermal and elastic properties with temperature were performed and compared to the analytical results. Comparison of the predicated thermal stresses and actual ingot heating observations suggest that cracking is controlled by a maximum normal stress criterion.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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