Modeling and Analysis of Acoustic Emission in Diamond Turning

[+] Author and Article Information
J. J. Liu, D. A. Dornfeld

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 118(2), 199-207 (May 01, 1996) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2831012 History: Received March 01, 1993; Revised August 01, 1994; Online January 17, 2008


To estimate the acoustic emission (AE) energy released in diamond turning, a quantitative model, which contains the energy from primary, secondary, tertiary cutting zones and the rubbing zones, is proposed and compared with experimental data. The purpose of this model is to assist in process characterization and monitoring. As part of the model developed here the plowing energy, that is, the energy released in the tertiary zone, is approximated by the forming load in the rolling process where the roller is stationary. This load is theoretically calculated by the upper bound method and used in the estimation. A series of diamond turning tests were conducted to check the validity of the model. It was found that the energy content of the AE signal is close to the theoretical predictions. The spectral analysis of the AE signal in these tests is also carried out. It was noticed that when the diamond tool first touches the workpiece without producing any chip, more high frequency components were observed and this stage was recognized as the rubbing stage. The results further support the previous findings, that is, that abnormal rubbing always increases the mean frequency of the raw AE signal.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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