In this paper we present a study of the interaction between an electric current pulse and a solid copper jet. Experiments were performed using a dedicated pulsed power supply delivering a current pulse of such amplitude, rise time, and duration that the jet is efficiently affected. The copper jet was created by using a shaped charge warhead. An electrode configuration consisting of two aluminum plates with a separation distance of 150 mm was used. The discharge current pulse and the voltages at the capacitors and at the electrodes were measured to obtain data on energy deposition in and the resistance of the jet and electrode contact region. X-ray diagnostics were used to radiograph the jet, and by analyzing the radiograph, the degree of disruption of the electrified jet could be obtained. It was found that a current pulse with an amplitude of 200–250 kA and a rise time of could strongly enhance the natural fragmentation of the jet. In this case, the initial electric energy was 100 kJ and about 90% of the electric energy was deposited in the jet and electrodes. At the exit of the electrode region, the jet fragments formed rings with a radial velocity of up to 200 m/s, depending on the initial electric energy in the pulsed power supply.
Experimental Study of Electromagnetic Effects on Solid Copper Jets
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Appelgren, P., Skoglund, M., Lundberg, P., Westerling, L., Larsson, A., and Hurtig, T. (September 30, 2009). "Experimental Study of Electromagnetic Effects on Solid Copper Jets." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. January 2010; 77(1): 011010. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3172251
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