In this work a numerical investigation of the sensitivities of the spray dispersion to different droplet starting parameters in a realistic three-dimensional fuel injector geometry is presented. The simulations are carried out using an Euler-Lagrange method. An extended version of the primary atomization model PAMELA [1,2] is used to predict the droplet diameter and to set the droplet starting conditions. Spray characteristics are compared to experimental data .
Thereby, a strong influence of the initial droplet velocities, the recirculation zone, the precessing vortex core as well as the turbulence modelling approach on the spray dispersion was identified. Droplet starting conditions which provide good agreement to the experimental data are determined.
The study demonstrates that the presented approach is a viable option to predict the spray dispersion in combustors. Moreover, valuable insights on necessary improvements for modeling primary atomization are given.