Abstract

Centrally staged lean premixed prevaporized low emission combustor has achieved great commercial success in the past decade. Pilot flame characteristics is with key importance to centrally staged combustor, which is considered not entirely up to the design of pilot stage, but also influenced by the flow field and fuel distribution of the combustor. The flow field and fuel distribution behaviors in centrally staged combustor are not very clear since the role of LRZ is unknown, as well as the pilot flame stabilization mechanism. The goal of this paper is to study the flow field, spray distribution and pilot flame stabilization in centrally staged combustor. This paper designs a comparison scheme of the dome lip for study. Particle image velocimetry, Planar Mie scattering measurements and high-speed camera experiments are conducted to get an in depth understanding on the flow field, spray distribution characteristics and pilot flame stabilization in a centrally staged combustor. The flow field with a 3.0 mm lip incline is quite different. Two PRZs forms, one connected with the LRZ and the other at the outlet of pilot stage. Pilot flow no longer joins to the main flow but flows alone in the center. It seems like it is the decoupling pilot stage air cutting PRZ into two PRZs. The pilot spray has a conical boundary and it is probably formed by the high velocity main air flow. A considerable number of fuel droplets are involved in LRZ with the lip incline. Two shapes of pilot flame are observed, the V-shaped flame and double root flame. High-speed camera has captured the flame stabilization process close to LBO. As for the V-shaped pilot flame, the central flame root performs an extinction/relight cycle close to LBO. The cycle duration time is much longer than the critical time of swirl cup methane flame previously reported. As for the double root pilot flame, the central flame root is lighted before the lip flame root and it is the central flame that plays the leading role in stabilizing the whole flame. The lip flame root can weaken the quench effect of main air and broaden the flame stability boundary. A relatively large lip height is recommended for the consideration of the LBO performance.

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