An ever more rapidly accelerating trend toward pursuing more efficient gas turbines pushes the engines to hotter and more arduous operating conditions. This trend drives the need for new materials, coatings and associated modeling and testing techniques required to evaluate new component design in high temperature environments and complex stress conditions.
This paper will present the recent advances in spin testing techniques that are capable of creating complex stress and thermal conditions, which more closely represent “engine like” conditions. The data from the tests will also become essential references that support the effort in Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) and in the advances in rotor design and lifing analysis models. Future innovation in aerospace products is critically depended on simultaneous engineering of material properties, product design, and manufacturing processes. ICME is an emerging discipline with an approach to design products, the materials that comprise them, and their associated materials processing methods by linking materials models at multiple scales (Structural, Macro, Meso, Micro, Nano, etc). The focus of the ICME is on the materials; understanding how processes produce material structures, how those structures give rise to material properties, and how to select and/or engineer materials for a given application .
The use of advanced high temperature spin testing technologies, including thermal gradient and thermo-mechanical cycling capabilities, combined with the innovative use of modern sensors and instrumentation methods, enables the examination of gas turbine discs and blades under the thermal and the mechanical loads that are more relevant to the conditions of the problematic damages occurring in modern gas turbine engines.