Newest Issue

Research Papers

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. 2017;139(8):081001-081001-13. doi:10.1115/1.4036289.

Fine finishing of cylindrical internal surfaces without affecting geometric form is a critical requirement in several mechanical and aerospace applications. Although various methodologies using flexible abrasive media are reported for the same, many of them demand complex tooling and fixtures to be developed in tune with the internal dimensions to feed the abrasive media. The present paper investigates the feasibility of using magneto-elastic abrasive balls with the aid of a mechanically deployable tool for microfinishing of geometrically symmetric tubular specimens. The deployable tool used for the present experimentation is designed like an umbrella mechanism, with magnetic pads to hold the elastic abrasive balls, expandable for bore diameter ranges from 45 to 75 mm. The magnetic type elastic abrasive balls proposed in the form of mesoscale balls of diameter 3.5 ± 0.25 mm are capable of finishing the bore surface without altering its roundness. Effects of elastomeric medium, mechanics of material removal and generation of finished profile during the proposed technique have been discussed in detail, through a comprehensive mathematical model. Effect of various process variables on surface roughness was investigated experimentally using response surface methodology and the theoretical predictions were validated at optimum operating condition. Sixty-two percent reduction in average roughness on brass tubes of initial roughness 0.168 μm, with significant improvement in all the associated two-dimensional roughness parameters and without any deviation on roundness, was clearly demonstrating the potential of proposed methodology.

Commentary by Dr. Valentin Fuster
J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. 2017;139(8):081002-081002-14. doi:10.1115/1.4036226.

Tissue regeneration with scaffolds has proven promising for the repair of damaged tissues or organs. Dispensing-based printing techniques for scaffold fabrication have drawn considerable attention due to their ability to create complex structures layer-by-layer. When employing such printing techniques, the flow rate of the biomaterial dispensed from the needle tip is critical for creating the intended scaffold structure. The flow rate can be affected by a number of variables including the material flow behavior, temperature, needle geometry, and dispensing pressure. As such, model equations can play a vital role in the prediction and control of the flow rate of the material dispensed, thus facilitating optimal scaffold fabrication. This paper presents the development of a model to represent the flow rate of medium viscosity alginate dispensed for the purpose of scaffold fabrication, by taking into account the shear and slip flow from a tapered needle. Because the fluid flow behavior affects the flow rate, model equations were also developed from regression of experimental data to represent the flow behavior of alginate. The predictions from both the flow behavior equation and flow rate model show close agreement with experimental results. For varying needle diameters and temperatures, the slip effect occurring at the needle wall has a significant effect on the flow rate of alginate during scaffold fabrication.

Commentary by Dr. Valentin Fuster

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In