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Research Papers

Profile Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis Via Sensor Fusion for Ultrasonic Welding

[+] Author and Article Information
Weihong (Grace) Guo

Mem. ASME
Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering,
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey,
Piscataway, NJ 08854
e-mail: wg152@rutgers.edu

Jionghua (Judy) Jin

Fellow ASME
Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering,
The University of Michigan,
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
e-mail: jhjin@umich.edu

S. Jack Hu

Fellow ASME
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
The University of Michigan,
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
e-mail: jackhu@umich.edu

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received May 17, 2018; final manuscript received May 1, 2019; published online June 10, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Dragan Djurdjanovic.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 141(8), 081001 (Jun 10, 2019) (13 pages) Paper No: MANU-18-1338; doi: 10.1115/1.4043731 History: Received May 17, 2018; Accepted May 03, 2019

Sensor signals acquired during the manufacturing process contain rich information that can be used to facilitate effective monitoring of operational quality, early detection of system anomalies, and quick diagnosis of fault root causes. This paper develops a method for effective monitoring and diagnosis of multisensor heterogeneous profile data based on multilinear discriminant analysis. The proposed method operates directly on the multistream profiles and then extracts uncorrelated discriminative features through tensor-to-vector projection, and thus, preserving the interrelationship of different sensors. The extracted features are then fed into classifiers to detect faulty operations and recognize fault types. The developed method is demonstrated with both simulated and real data from ultrasonic metal welding.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Ultrasonic metal welding process (adapted from Lee et al. [4])

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Fig. 2

Examples of the power and displacement signals from ultrasonic welding

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Fig. 3

Benchmark signals “blocks,” “heavysine,” and “bumps”

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Fig. 4

Simulated 100 in-control profile samples

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Fig. 5

Framework of profile monitoring and fault diagnosis using multistream signals

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Fig. 6

Case A dataset: 1200 samples in 6 classes

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Fig. 7

Eigentensors from R-UMLDA in simulation case A

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Fig. 8

Classification performance of NNC for R-UMLDA features in case A test dataset

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Fig. 9

Classification performance of NNC for various feature extractors in (a) case A test dataset, (b) case B test dataset, (c) case C test dataset, and (d) case C′ test dataset

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Fig. 10

Classification performance of the random subspace method for multiple R-UMLDA extractors in case A test dataset

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Fig. 11

Sensor signals and samples from ultrasonic metal welding processes. (a) Welds from the normal welding process and three faulty processes: surface contamination, abnormal thickness, and mislocated/edge weld (from left to right). (b) Sensor signals from the normal welding process and three faulty processes.

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Fig. 12

Eigentensors from R-UMLDA in ultrasonic metal welding

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Fig. 13

Classification results of NNC for UMLDA and VLDA in ultrasonic welding

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