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Research Papers

Three-Dimensional Inner Surface Inspection System Based on Circle-Structured Light

[+] Author and Article Information
Zhu Ye

Department of Precision Machinery and
Precision Instrumentation,
University of Science and Technology of China,
Room 701, No. 4 Mechanics Building,
443# Huangshan Rd,
Hefei 230027, Anhui, China
e-mail: zhuye@mail.ustc.edu.cn

Wang Lianpo

Department of Precision Machinery and
Precision Instrumentation,
University of Science and Technology of China,
Room 701, No. 4 Mechanics Building,
443# Huangshan Rd,
Hefei 230027, Anhui, China
e-mail: wlp0219@mail.ustc.edu.cn

Gu Yonggang

Experiment Center of Engineering
and Material Science,
University of Science and Technology of China,
Room 209, No. 4 Mechanics Building,
443# Huangshan Rd,
Hefei 230027, Anhui, China
e-mail: yggu@ustc.edu.cn

Bi Songlin

Department of Precision Machinery and
Precision Instrumentation,
University of Science and Technology of China,
Room 701, No. 4 Mechanics Building,
443# Huangshan Rd,
Hefei 230027, Anhui, China
e-mail: bisl001@mail.ustc.edu.cn

Zhai Chao

Experiment Center of Engineering and
Material Science,
University of Science and Technology of China,
Room 203, No. 4 Mechanics Building,
443# Huangshan Rd,
Hefei 230027, Anhui, China
e-mail: zhaichao@ustc.edu.cn

Baoyang Jiang

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Michigan,
2350 Hayward,
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
e-mail: byjiang@umich.edu

Jun Ni

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Michigan,
3455 GGB,2350 Hayward,
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
e-mail: junni@umich.edu

1Z. Ye and W. Lianpo contributed equally to this work.

2Corresponding author.

Manuscript received December 12, 2017; final manuscript received August 22, 2018; published online October 5, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Satish Bukkapatnam.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 140(12), 121007 (Oct 05, 2018) (9 pages) Paper No: MANU-17-1779; doi: 10.1115/1.4041480 History: Received December 12, 2017; Revised August 22, 2018

A three-dimensional (3D) inner surface inspection system is developed in this research based on circle-structured light, which is an improved laser triangulation method. A conical reflector is used to reflect the laser and generate radial laser plane that is called circle-structured light, and a CCD camera is used to capture the light stripe on the inner surface. Then, the 3D coordinates of points on the light stripe are calculated through laser triangulation algorithm. Compared with existing inner surface measurement systems, this research takes assembly errors and refraction distortion into consideration and proposes a laser plane mathematical model with four degrees-of-freedom along with corresponding flexible laser plane calibration technique based on binocular vision that is easy to operate. The proposed inspection system calibrated by proposed algorithm performs well in diameter measurement experiment, in which the absolute error is superior to 3 μm, and defect detecting experiment, in which the defect resolution is superior to 0.02 mm. Moreover, the system also performs well in straightness and roundness evaluation. Experiments indicate that this system is applicable in inner surface measurement and inspection, and the calibration method is accurate and easy to operate.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

System coordinate system and pinhole model

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Fig. 2

Structure diagram of laser triangulation-based detector

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Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the refraction distortion

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Fig. 4

Schematic diagram of the intersection algorithm

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Fig. 5

Physical map of the measurement system

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Fig. 6

Setup of the calibration experiment

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Fig. 7

Image of the light stripe captured in calibration experiment

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Fig. 8

Line extraction and fitting result of the light stripe

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Fig. 9

Setup of the measurement experiment

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Fig. 10

Captured image in the experiment

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Fig. 11

Extraction of the light stripe

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Fig. 12

Point cloud acquired in the measurement experiment

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Fig. 13

Measured samples in the roundness and straightness evaluation

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Fig. 14

Points measured by the coordinate measuring machine

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Fig. 15

Setup of the roundness and straightness measurement experiment

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Fig. 16

Roundness and straightness evaluation points

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Fig. 17

Setup of the defect detecting experiment

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Fig. 18

Detection result of the feeler gauge

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Fig. 19

Point cloud registration result of two adjacent sections

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