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Research Papers

Leakage Monitoring in Static Sealing Interface Based on Three Dimensional Surface Topography Indicator

[+] Author and Article Information
Yiping Shao

State Key Laboratory of
Mechanical System and Vibration,
Shanghai Jiao Tong University,
Shanghai 200240, China;
School of Mechanical Engineering,
Shanghai Jiao Tong University,
No. 800 Dongchuan Road,
Shanghai 200240, China
e-mail: syp123gh@sjtu.edu.cn

Yaxiang Yin

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Shanghai Jiao Tong University,
No. 800 Dongchuan Road,
Shanghai 200240, China
e-mail: yaxiang@sjtu.edu.cn

Shichang Du

State Key Laboratory of
Mechanical System and Vibration,
Shanghai Jiao Tong University,
Shanghai 200240, China;
School of Mechanical Engineering,
Shanghai Jiao Tong University,
No. 800 Dongchuan Road,
Shanghai 200240, China
e-mail: lovbin@sjtu.edu.cn

Tangbin Xia

Mem. ASME
State Key Laboratory of
Mechanical System and Vibration,
Shanghai Jiao Tong University,
Shanghai 200240, China;
School of Mechanical Engineering,
Shanghai Jiao Tong University,
No. 800 Dongchuan Road,
Shanghai 200240, China
e-mail: xtbxtb@sjtu.edu.cn

Lifeng Xi

State Key Laboratory of
Mechanical System and Vibration,
Shanghai Jiao Tong University,
Shanghai 200240, China;
School of Mechanical Engineering,
Shanghai Jiao Tong University,
No. 800 Dongchuan Road,
Shanghai 200240, China
e-mail: lfxi@sjtu.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received November 15, 2017; final manuscript received June 12, 2018; published online July 9, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Laine Mears.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 140(10), 101003 (Jul 09, 2018) (12 pages) Paper No: MANU-17-1713; doi: 10.1115/1.4040620 History: Received November 15, 2017; Revised June 12, 2018

Leakage directly affects the functional behavior of a product in engineering practice, and surface topography is one of the main factors in static seal to prevent leakage. This paper aims at monitoring the leakage in static sealing interface, using three-dimensional (3D) surface topography as an indicator. The 3D surface is measured by a high definition metrology (HDM) instrument that can generate millions of data points representing the entire surface. The monitoring approach proposes a series of novel surface leakage parameters including virtual gasket, contact area percentage (CAP), void volume (VV), and relative void volume (SWvoid) as indicators. An individual control chart is adopted to monitor the leakage surface of the successive machining process. Meantime, based on the Persson contact mechanics and percolation theory, the threshold of leakage parameter is found using finite element modeling (FEM). Experimental results indicate that the proposed monitoring method is valid to precontrol the machining process and prevent leakage occurring.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Measurement by HDM

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Fig. 2

The framework of the proposed approach

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Fig. 3

Profile spline filtering

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Fig. 4

Areal spline filtering

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Fig. 5

Virtual gasket profile

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Fig. 6

Virtual gasket surface

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Fig. 7

Different void areas

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Fig. 8

Different void volumes

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Fig. 10

Evolution of the apparent contact area (The black means total contact and the white means no contact)

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Fig. 11

(a) EX-CELL-O machining center and (b) the face milling cutter

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Fig. 12

(a) Assembled engine cylinder head and block and (b) gasket and block

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Fig. 13

The selected thirty typical regions of the top surface

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Fig. 14

Waviness surface solid

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Fig. 16

(a) Results of displacement and (b) contact area

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Fig. 17

(a) Line charts of RC, CAP, and SWvoid, (b) scatter diagram of RC and SWvoid, (c) scatter diagram of RC and CAP, and (d) scatter diagram of CAP and SWvoid

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Fig. 18

(a) The line chart of SWvoid and (b) OOL leakage regions

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Fig. 19

(a) Out of control process and (b) in control process

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