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research-article

Effect of Constrained Surface Texturing on Separation Force in Projection Stereolithography

[+] Author and Article Information
Haiyang He

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago 2039 Engineering Research Facility, 842 W. Taylor Street, Chicago, Illinois 60607
hhe20@uic.edu

Jie Xu

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago 2039 Engineering Research Facility, 842 W. Taylor Street, Chicago, Illinois 60607
jiexu@uic.edu

Xiaoming Yu

College of Optics & Photonics, University of Central Florida, CREOL, College of Optics & Photonics, University of Central Florida, 4304 Scorpius St., Orlando, Florida, 32816-2700
yux@creol.ucf.edu

Yayue Pan

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago 2039 Engineering Research Facility, 842 W. Taylor Street, Chicago, Illinois 60607
yayuepan@uic.edu

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4040322 History: Received October 13, 2017; Revised May 11, 2018

Abstract

In projection stereolithography (SL) processes, the separation of a newly cured layer from the constrained surface is a historical technical barrier and still greatly limits its printable size, process reliability and print speed. This paper presents an approach to reduce the separation force in projection stereolithography (SL) processes by texturing the constrained surface with radial microgroove patterns. Separation forces with conventional smooth constrained surface and textured surface are both modeled. The analytical model suggests that a proper design of micro patterns of the constrained surface is capable of reducing separation forces greatly. Furthermore, a projection SL testbed with online separation force monitoring unit is developed for experimental study. Experimental results verified the effectiveness of micro surface textures in reducing separation forces. Test cases also show that with the help of the proposed textured constrained surface, parts with wide solid cross sections that could not be printed using conventional methods were manufactured successfully. The influence of the textured constrained surface on the printed parts' surface roughness is studied, a gray scale projection approach is proposed to eliminate the influence and improve the surface quality of printed parts. Hence, the presented methods can help to improve the manufacturing capability of Projection SL processes.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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