Technical Brief

Identification of the Actual Process Parameters for Finishing Operations in Peripheral Milling

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Leal-Muñoz

Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica,
Universidad de La Frontera,
Temuco 4811230, Chile;
Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica,
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid,
Madrid 28006, España

E. Diez

Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica,
Universidad de La Frontera,
Temuco 4811230, Chile
e-mail: eduardo.diez@ufrontera.cl

H. Perez

Departamento de Ingenierías Mecánica,
Informática y Aeroespacial,
Universidad de León,
León 24071, España

A. Vizan

Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica,
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid,
Madrid 28006, España

Manuscript received December 19, 2017; final manuscript received April 3, 2018; published online May 21, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Guillaume Fromentin.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 140(8), 084502 (May 21, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: MANU-17-1792; doi: 10.1115/1.4039917 History: Received December 19, 2017; Revised April 03, 2018

The evolution of the manufacturing industry has favored the use of new technologies that increase the level of autonomy in production systems. The work presented shows a methodology that allows for online estimation of cutting parameters based on the analysis of the cutting force signal pattern. The dynamic response of the tool is taken into account through a function that relates the response time to the input variables in the process. The force signal is obtained with a dynamometric platform based on piezoelectric sensors. The final section of the paper shows the experimental validation where machining tests with variable machining conditions were carried out. The results reveal high precision in the estimation of depths of cut in end milling.

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Fig. 1

(a) Diagram of the cutting operation, (b) advance of the cutting flute, (c) measured force signal, and (d) characteristic time instants

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Fig. 2

Time parameters defined on a simulated force

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Fig. 3

Comparison between measured and simulated signals

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Fig. 4

Diagram of the system dynamics

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Fig. 5

Evolution of retard time for different speeds: (a) ae and (b) ap (fz = 0.12 mm; D = 10 mm)

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Fig. 6

Diagram for time calculation from the cutting force signal

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Fig. 7

Results for variable ap experiment: (a) workpiece, (b) force signal, and (c) estimated values (D = 10 mm, fz = 0.80 mm, ap = variable 5–13 mm, ae = 0.5 mm, n = 2400 rpm, workpiece material AA7075.)

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Fig. 8

Results for variable ap and ae experiment: (a) workpiece, (b) force signal, (c) scale expansion of force signal, (d) estimated values of ap and (e) estimated values of ae. (D = 8 mm; fz = 0.12 mm, ap = variable 8–16 mm, ae= variable 0.3–1 mm, n = 1200 rpm, workpiece material AA7075).




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