Experimental and numerical investigation of forming limits differences in biaxial and dome test

[+] Author and Article Information
Chetan P Nikhare

Penn State Erie - The Behrend College, Erie, PA, USA

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4039587 History: Received July 28, 2017; Revised February 24, 2018


From centuries the metals and materials has been characterized using a traditional method called uniaxial tension test. The data acquired from this test found adequate for operations of simple forming where one axis stretching is dominant. Currently due to the demand of lightweight component production, multiple individual parts are eliminated by stamping in a single complex shape which further reduces many secondary operation. This need is driven by the requirement of 55.8 miles per gallon by 2025. Due to the complex part geometry, the forming method induces multi-axial stress states, which found difficult to predict using conventional tools. Thus to analyze these multi-axial stress states limiting dome height test and bulge test were recommended in many research. However, these tests limit the possibilities of applying multi-axial loading and resulting stress patterns due to contact surfaces. Thus a test machine called biaxial test is devised which would provide the capability to test the specimen in multi-axial stress states with varying load. In this paper, two processes, limiting dome test and biaxial test were experimented, modeled and compared. For this, the cruciform test specimens were used in biaxial test and conventional forming limit specimens for dome test. Variation of loadings were provided multi-axially in both test to capture the limit strain from uniaxial to equi-biaxial strain mode. In addition, the strain path, forming and formability was investigated and difference between the tests were provided.

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