Research Papers

Procedure for Selecting Key Performance Indicators for Sustainable Manufacturing

[+] Author and Article Information
Deogratias Kibira

Department of Industrial
and System Engineering,
Morgan State University,
Baltimore, MD 21251
e-mail: deogratias.kibira@nist.gov

Michael P. Brundage

Engineering Laboratory,
National Institute of Standards and Technology,
Gaithersburg, MD 20899
e-mail: Michael.brundage@nist.gov

Shaw Feng

Engineering Laboratory,
National Institute of Standards and Technology,
Gaithersburg, MD 20899
e-mail: Shaw.feng@nist.gov

K. C. Morris

Engineering Laboratory,
National Institute of Standards and Technology,
Gaithersburg, MD 20899
e-mail: kcm@nist.gov

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received July 19, 2017; final manuscript received July 19, 2017; published online November 3, 2017. Editor: Y. Lawrence Yao. This work is in part a work of the U.S. Government. ASME disclaims all interest in the U.S. Government's contributions.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 140(1), 011005 (Nov 03, 2017) (7 pages) Paper No: MANU-17-1464; doi: 10.1115/1.4037439 History: Received July 19, 2017; Revised July 19, 2017

The need for an open, inclusive, and neutral procedure in selecting key performance indicators (KPIs) for sustainable manufacturing has been increasing. The reason is that manufacturers seek to determine what to measure to improve environmental sustainability of their products and manufacturing processes. A difficulty arises in understanding and selecting specific indicators from many stand-alone indicator sets available. This paper presents a procedure for individual manufacturers to select KPIs for measuring, monitoring, and improving environmental aspects of manufacturing processes. The procedure is the basis for a guideline, being proposed for standardization within ASTM International. That guide can be used for (1) identifying candidate KPIs from existing sources, (2) defining new candidate KPIs, (3) selecting appropriate KPIs based on KPI criteria, and (4) composing the selected KPIs with assigned weights into a set. The paper explains how the developed procedure complements existing indicator sets and sustainability-measurement approaches at the manufacturing process level.

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Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Illustration of the effective KPI identification and selection process

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Example of a value function for the criterion “actionable”

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

KPI Composition for material efficiency

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Manufacturing process for powdered metal products—focus on machining




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