0
Research Papers

Procedure for Selecting Key Performance Indicators for Sustainable Manufacturing

[+] Author and Article Information
Deogratias Kibira

Department of Industrial
and System Engineering,
Morgan State University,
Baltimore, MD 21251
e-mail: deogratias.kibira@nist.gov

Michael P. Brundage

Mem. ASME
Engineering Laboratory,
National Institute of Standards and Technology,
Gaithersburg, MD 20899
e-mail: Michael.brundage@nist.gov

Shaw Feng

Engineering Laboratory,
National Institute of Standards and Technology,
Gaithersburg, MD 20899
e-mail: Shaw.feng@nist.gov

K. C. Morris

Engineering Laboratory,
National Institute of Standards and Technology,
Gaithersburg, MD 20899
e-mail: kcm@nist.gov

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received July 19, 2017; final manuscript received July 19, 2017; published online November 3, 2017. Editor: Y. Lawrence Yao. This work is in part a work of the U.S. Government. ASME disclaims all interest in the U.S. Government's contributions.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 140(1), 011005 (Nov 03, 2017) (7 pages) Paper No: MANU-17-1464; doi: 10.1115/1.4037439 History: Received July 19, 2017; Revised July 19, 2017

The need for an open, inclusive, and neutral procedure in selecting key performance indicators (KPIs) for sustainable manufacturing has been increasing. The reason is that manufacturers seek to determine what to measure to improve environmental sustainability of their products and manufacturing processes. A difficulty arises in understanding and selecting specific indicators from many stand-alone indicator sets available. This paper presents a procedure for individual manufacturers to select KPIs for measuring, monitoring, and improving environmental aspects of manufacturing processes. The procedure is the basis for a guideline, being proposed for standardization within ASTM International. That guide can be used for (1) identifying candidate KPIs from existing sources, (2) defining new candidate KPIs, (3) selecting appropriate KPIs based on KPI criteria, and (4) composing the selected KPIs with assigned weights into a set. The paper explains how the developed procedure complements existing indicator sets and sustainability-measurement approaches at the manufacturing process level.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Haanes, K. , Arthur, D. , Balagopal, B. , Kong, M. T. , Reeves, M. , Velken, I. , Hopkins, M. S. , and Kruschwitz, N. , 2011, “ Sustainability: The ‘Embracers’ Seize Advantage,” MIT Sloan Management Review, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.
Joung, C. , Carrell, J. , Sarkara, P. , and Feng, S. , 2013, “ Categorization of Indicators for Sustainable Manufacturing,” Ecol. Indic., 24, pp. 148–157. [CrossRef]
Moldan, B. , Janouskova, S. , and Hak, T. , 2012, “ How to Understand and Measure Environmental Sustainability: Indicators and Targets,” J. Ecol. Indic., 17, pp. 4–13. [CrossRef]
Kang, N. , Zhao, C. , Li, J. , and Horst, J. , 2016, “ A Hierarchical Structure of Key Performance Indicators for Operation Management and Continuous Improvement in Production Systems,” Int. J. Prod. Res., 54(21), pp. 6333–6350. [CrossRef]
Gaurav, A. , Rachuri, S. , Fiorentini, X. , Mani, M. , Fenves, S. , Lyons, K. , and Sriram, R. , 2008, “ Extending the Notion of Quality From Physical Metrology to Information and Sustainability,” J. Intell. Manuf., 22(5), pp. 737–750.
OECD, 2011, “ OECD Sustainable Manufacturing Toolkit,” Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris, France, accessed Aug. 4, 2017, http://www.oecd.org/innovation/green/toolkit/
UN-CSD, 2007, “ Indicators of Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies,” The United Nations Committee on Sustainable Development, New York, accessed Aug. 4, 2017, http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/natlinfo/indicators/guidelines.pdf
ASTM, 2015, “ Standard Guide for Evaluation of Environmental Aspects of Sustainability of Manufacturing Processes,” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, Standard No. ASTM E2986-15. https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2986.htm
ASTM, 2016, “ Standard Guide for Characterizing Environmental Aspects of Manufacturing Processes,” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, Standard No. ASTM E3012-16. https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3012.htm
ISO, 2014, “ Automation Systems and Integration—Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for Manufacturing Operations Management—Part 1: Overview, Concepts, and Terminology,” International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, Standard No. ISO 22400-1:2014. https://www.iso.org/standard/56847.html
ISO, 2013, “ Automation Systems and Integration—Evaluating Energy Efficiency and Other Factors of Manufacturing Systems That Influence the Environment—Part 1: Overview and General Principles,” International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, Standard No. ISO 20140-1:2013. https://www.iso.org/standard/54809.html
Haapala, K. R. , Zhao, F. , Camelio, J. , Sutherland, J. W. , Skerlos, S. J. , Dornfeld, D. A. , Jawahir, I . S. , Clarens, A. F. , and Rickli, J. L. , 2013, “ A Review of Engineering Research in Sustainable Manufacturing,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 135(4), p. 041013. [CrossRef]
Duflou, J. R. , Sutherland, J. W. , Dornfeld, D. , Herrmann, C. , Jeswiet, J. , Kara, S. , Hauschild, M. , and Kellens, K. , 2012, “ Towards Energy and Resource Efficiency Manufacturing: A Processes and Systems Approach,” CIRP Ann. Manuf. Technol., 61(2), pp. 587–609. [CrossRef]
GRI, 2006, “ Sustainability Reporting Guidelines, Version 3.0, 200-2006 GRI,” Global Reporting Initiative, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, accessed Aug. 4, 2017, https://www.globalreporting.org/resourcelibrary/G3-Guidelines-Incl-Technical-Protocol.pdf
Jolliet, O. , Margni, M. , Charles, R. , Humbert, S. , Payet, J. , Rebitzer, G. , and Rosenbaum, R. , 2003, “ IMPACT 2002+: A New Life Cycle Impact Assessment Methodology,” Int. J. Life Cycle Assess., 8(6), p. 324.
Veleva, V. , and Ellenbecker, M. , 2001, “ Indicators of Sustainable Production: Framework and Methodology,” J. Cleaner Prod., 9(6), pp. 519–549. [CrossRef]
NIST Engineering Laboratory, 2009, “ Sustainable Manufacturing Indicator Depository,” NIST Engineering Laboratory, Gaithersburg, MD, accessed May 10, 2016, http://www.mel.nist.gov/msid/SMIR/index.html
Park, K. , and Kremer, G. E. O. , 2017, “ Text Mining-Based Categorization and User Perspective Analysis of Environmental Sustainability Indicators for Manufacturing and Service Systems,” J. Ecol. Indic., 72, pp. 803–820. [CrossRef]
Sikdar, S. , 2003, “ Sustainable Development and Sustainability Metrics,” AIChE J., 49(8), pp. 1928–1932. [CrossRef]
Carlucci, D. , 2010, “ Evaluating and Selecting Key Performance Indicators: An ANP-Based Model,” Meas. Bus. Excellence, 14(2), pp. 66–76. [CrossRef]
Ahmad, M. M. , and Dhafr, N. , 2002, “ Establishing and Improving Manufacturing Performance Measures,” Rob. Comput. Integr. Manuf., 18(3–4), pp. 171–176. [CrossRef]
Razvi, N. , Deppe, M. , Oswald, W. , and Guenther, M. , 2005, “ Performance Indicator Selection,” U.S. Patent No. US20060235778A1. https://encrypted.google.com/patents/US20060235778
Van de Walker Handy, S. , Birkedal Peterson, P. , Wilson, B. , and Hulen, C. J. , 2007, “ Key Performance Indicator Scorecard Editor,” Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA, U.S. Patent No. US8095417B2. http://www.google.co.in/patents/US8095417
Garetti, M. , and Taisch, M. , 2012, “ Sustainable Manufacturing: Trends and Research Challenges,” Prod. Plan. Control, 23(2–3), pp. 83–104. [CrossRef]
Rakar, A. , Zorzut, S. , and Jovan, V. , 2004, “ Assessment of Production Performance by Means of KPI,” Control, Bath, UK, Sept. 6–9, p. ID-011. http://ukacc.group.shef.ac.uk/proceedings/control2004/Papers/073.pdf
Dieter, G. E. , and Schmidt, L. C. , 2013, Engineering Design, 5th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
Triantaphyllou, E. , 2013, Multi-Criteria Decision Making Methods: A Comparative Study, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA.
Collins, A. , Hester, P. T. , Ezell, B. , and Horst, J. , 2016, “ An Improvement Selection Methodology for Key Performance Indicators,” Environ. Syst. Decis., 36(2), pp. 196–208. [CrossRef]
Clemen, R. , and Reilly, T. , 2001, Making Hard Decisions, South-Western Cengage Learning, Mason, OH.
Keeney, R. , 1992, Value Focused Thinking: A Path to Creative Decision-Making, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
Keeney, R. L. , and Raiffa, H. , 1993, “Decisions With Multiple Objectives: Preferences and Value Tradeoffs, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. [CrossRef]
Ezell, B. C. , 2004, “ Quantifying Vulnerability to Critical Infrastructure Systems,” Ph.D. dissertation, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA.
Martins, A. A. , Mata, T. M. , Costa, C. A. V. , and Sikdar, S. K. , 2007, “ Framework for Sustainability Metrics,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 46(10), pp. 2962–2973. [CrossRef]
Tanzil, D. , and Beloff, B. R. , 2006, Assessing Impacts: Overview on Sustainability Indicators and Metrics, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.
ISO, 2011, “ Automation Systems and Integration—Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for Manufacturing Operations Management—Part 2: Definitions and Descriptions of KPIs,” International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, Standard No. ISO 22400-2:2014. https://www.iso.org/standard/54497.html

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Illustration of the effective KPI identification and selection process

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Example of a value function for the criterion “actionable”

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

KPI Composition for material efficiency

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Manufacturing process for powdered metal products—focus on machining

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In