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research-article

Procedure for Selecting Key Performance Indicators for Sustainable Manufacturing

[+] Author and Article Information
Deogratias Kibira

Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD, USA
deogratias.kibira@nist.gov

Michael P. Brundage

ASME Member National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
michael.brundage@nist.gov

Shaw Feng

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
shaw.feng@nist.gov

KC Morris

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
kcm@nist.gov

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4037439 History: Received July 19, 2017; Revised July 19, 2017

Abstract

The need for an open, inclusive, and neutral procedure for developing key performance indicators (KPIs) has been increasing as manufacturers seek to determine what to measure in order to improve environmental sustainability of their products and manufacturing processes. A difficulty arises in understanding and selecting specific indicators from a large number of stand-alone indicator sets available. This paper presents a procedure for individual manufacturers to establish KPIs for measuring, monitoring and improving environmental aspects of manufacturing processes. The procedure is the basis for a guideline, being proposed for standardization within ASTM International, for identifying candidate KPIs from existing sources, defining new candidate KPIs, selecting appropriate KPIs based on KPI criteria, and composing the selected KPIs with assigned weights into a set. The paper explains how the developed procedure complements existing indicator sets and sustainability measurement approaches at the manufacturing process level.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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