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research-article

Effect of Different Heat Treatments on Mechanical Properties of Laser Sintered Additive Manufactured Parts

[+] Author and Article Information
Sagar Sarkar

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India-721302
sagar.sarkar123@gmail.com

Siva Kumar Cheruvu

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India-721302
kumar@mech.iitkgp.ernet.in

Ashish Kumar Nath

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India-721302
aknath@mech.iitkgp.ernet.in

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4037437 History: Received July 19, 2017; Revised July 21, 2017

Abstract

One of the most popular additive manufacturing processes is laser based direct metal laser sintering process which enables us to make complex three dimensional parts directly from CAD models. Due to layer by layer formation, parts built in this process tend to be anisotropic in nature. Suitable heat treatment can reduce this anisotropic behaviour by changing the microstructure. Depending upon the applications, a wide range of mechanical properties can be achieved between 482- 621o C temperature for precipitation-hardened stainless steels. In the present study effect of different heat treatment processes, namely solution annealing, ageing and overaging, on tensile strength, hardness and wear properties has been studied in detail. Suitable metallurgical and mechanical characterization techniques have been applied wherever required, to support the experimental observations. Results show H900 condition gives highest yield strength and lowest tensile strain at break whereas solution annealing gives lowest yield strength and as-built condition gives highest tensile strain at break. SEM images show that H900 and H1150 condition produces brittle and ductile morphology respectively which in turn gives highest and lowest hardness value respectively.XRD analysis shows presence of austenite phases which can increase hardness at the cost of ductility. Average wear loss for H900 condition is highest whereas it is lowest for solution annealed condition. Further optical and SEM images have been taken to understand the basic wear mechanism involved.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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