Research Papers

A Plane Stress Model to Predict Angular Distortion in Single Pass Butt Welded Plates With Weld Reinforcement

[+] Author and Article Information
Junqiang Wang

School of Mechanical,
Electronic and Control Engineering,
Beijing Jiaotong University,
Beijing 100044, China;
Aluminum Corporation of China,
Beijing 102209, China

Jianmin Han

School of Mechanical, Electronic and
Control Engineering,
Beijing Jiaotong University,
Beijing 100044, China
e-mail: jmhan@bjtu.edu.cn

Joseph P. Domblesky

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Marquette University,
1515 West Wisconsin Avenue,
Milwaukee, WI 53201-1881

Zhiqiang Li, Yingxin Zhao, Luyi Sun

School of Mechanical, Electronic and
Control Engineering,
Beijing Jiaotong University,
Beijing 100044, China

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received July 23, 2016; final manuscript received November 30, 2016; published online January 30, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Wayne Cai.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 139(5), 051012 (Jan 30, 2017) (10 pages) Paper No: MANU-16-1404; doi: 10.1115/1.4035469 History: Received July 23, 2016; Revised November 30, 2016

While coupled three-dimensional (3D) nonisothermal finite-element (FE) models can be used to predict distortion in weldments, computational costs remain high, and the development of alternate FE-based engineering approaches remains an important topic. In the present study, a plane stress model is proposed for analyzing angular distortion in butt-welded plates having appreciable levels of weld reinforcement. The approach is based on an analysis of contractile shrinkage forces and only requires knowledge of the plastic zone geometry to develop the input data needed for an isothermal linear elastic FE model. Results show that the proposed method significantly reduces the computational time and provides acceptable accuracy when plane stress conditions are satisfied. The effect of weld reinforcement was also analyzed using the method. The results indicate that the contraction force from the bead is dominant, and that the primary effect of the crown is to increase eccentricity of the in-plane contraction force. A steel liner from a nuclear plant cooling tower was also analyzed to demonstrate the method. The results showed that the model was able to predict the distortion pattern and demonstrated fair accuracy.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Bhatti, A. A. , Barsoum, Z. , Murakawa, H. , and Barsoum, I. , 2015, “ Influence of Thermo-Mechanical Material Properties of Different Steel Grades on Welding Residual Stresses and Angular Distortion,” Mater. Des., 65, pp. 878–889. [CrossRef]
Wang, J. , Rashed, S. , and Murakawa, H. , 2014, “ Mechanism Investigation of Welding Induced Buckling Using Inherent Deformation Method,” Thin-Walled Struct., 80, pp. 103–119. [CrossRef]
Ueda, Y. , Fukuda, K. , and Tanigawa, M. , 1979, “ New Measuring Method of Three Dimensional Residual Stresses Based on Theory of Inherent Strain (Welding Mechanics, Strength & Design),” Trans. JWRI, 8(2), pp. 249–256.
Liang, W. , and Murakawa, H. , 2012, “ An Inverse Analysis Method to Estimate Inherent Deformations in Thin Plate Welded Joints,” Mater. Des., 40, pp. 190–198. [CrossRef]
Tsai, C. , Cheng, W. , and Lee, H. , 1995, Modeling Strategy for Control of Welding-Induced Distortion, Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA.
Wang, J. , Han, J. , Domblesky, J. P. , Li, W. , Yang, Z. , and Zhao, Y. , 2016, “ Predicting Distortion in Butt Welded Plates Using an Equivalent Plane Stress Representation Based on Inherent Shrinkage Volume,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 138(1), p. 011012. [CrossRef]
Hetnarski, R. B. , and Eslami, M. R. , 2009, Thermal Stresses: Advanced Theory and Applications, Springer, New York.
Xu, J. , Gilles, P. , Duan, Y. , and Yu, C. , 2012, “ Temperature and Residual Stress Simulations of the NeT Single-Bead-on-Plate Specimen Using SYSWELD,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 99–100, pp. 51–60. [CrossRef]
Hossain, S. , Truman, C. , and Smith, D. , 2012, “ Finite Element Validation of the Deep Hole Drilling Method for Measuring Residual Stresses,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 93–94, pp. 29–41. [CrossRef]
Bouchard, P. , 2009, “ The NeT Bead-on-Plate Benchmark for Weld Residual Stress Simulation,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 86(1), pp. 31–42. [CrossRef]
Camilleri, D. , Comlekci, T. , and Gray, T. G. , 2006, “ Thermal Distortion of Stiffened Plate Due to Fillet Welds Computational and Experimental Investigation,” J. Therm. Stresses, 29(2), pp. 111–137. [CrossRef]
Shouchao, L. G. C. K. J. , 2001, “ Experimental Study on the Material Properties of Q345 Steel at Elevated Temperatures,” Build. Struct., 1, p. 019.
Li, H. , 2007, “ Experiment of Strength of 16Mn Steel at Elevated Temperature,” J. Steel Constr., 8(22), pp. 17–20.
Sun, J. , Liu, X. , Tong, Y. , and Deng, D. , 2014, “ A Comparative Study on Welding Temperature Fields, Residual Stress Distributions and Deformations Induced by Laser Beam Welding and CO2 Gas Arc Welding,” Mater. Des., 63, pp. 519–530. [CrossRef]
Wang, J. , Han, J. , Domblesky, J. P. , Yang, Z. , Zhao, Y. , and Zhang, Q. , 2016, “ Development of a New Combined Heat Source Model for Welding Based on a Polynomial Curve Fit of the Experimental Fusion Line,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., 87(5), pp. 1–13.
Sulaiman, M. S. , Manurung, Y. H. , Haruman, E. , Rahim, M. R. A. , Redza, M. R. , Lidam, R. N. A. , Abas, S. K. , Tham, G. , and Chau, C. Y. , 2011, “ Simulation and Experimental Study on Distortion of Butt and T-Joints Using Weld Planner,” J. Mech. Sci. Technol., 25(10), pp. 2641–2646. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of a full penetration butt weld depicting the transverse shrinkage volume geometry and nomenclature used

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Representation of (a) equivalent body force and (b) resolved components acting on a point p in a weld

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Schematic depiction of the transverse shrinkage force and rectangular elements used to represent the plastic strain regions in the bead and crown

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Representation of (a) equivalent body force and (b) resolved components acting on a point p′ in an equivalent plane stress weld representation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Schematic of plane stress model showing: (a) the midplane and (b) eccentricity e′ from the midplane

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Three-dimensional finite-element representation of the experimental GMA weldments with dimensions noted

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Mechanical and thermophysical parameters of ASTM A572-50 steel shown as a function of temperature after [13,14]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Plane stress finite-element representation of the experimental GMA weldments with equivalent weld width indicated

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Comparison of CPU times obtained from the 3D coupled and 3D plane stress models where the range of simulation times for each method is indicated by parallel dashed lines

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Finite-element representation of the (a) steel liner that was analyzed and (b) close-up of angle steel reinforcements

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Plate and weld arrangement used to fabricate the steel liner

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Simulated radial deformation in the welded steel liner obtained from the plane stress model

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Comparison of predicted and actual radial deflection at selected points on the upper periphery of the welded steel liner



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In