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Research Papers

Cost Estimation Model for Polyacrylonitrile-Based Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Process

[+] Author and Article Information
Amaninder Singh Gill

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Clemson University,
134, Fluor Daniel,
216 S. Palmetto Boulevard,
Clemson, SC 29634
e-mail: amaning@clemson.edu

Darian Visotsky

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Clemson University,
134, Fluor Daniel,
216 S. Palmetto Boulevard,
Clemson, SC 29634
e-mail: dvisots@clemson.edu

Laine Mears

Mem. ASME
Department of Automotive Engineering,
Clemson University,
4 Research Drive,
Greenville, SC 29607
e-mail: mears@clemson.edu

Joshua D. Summers

Mem. ASME
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Clemson University,
203, Fluor Daniel,
216 S. Palmetto Boulevard,
Clemson, SC 29634
e-mail: jsummer@clemson.edu

Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received August 16, 2016; final manuscript received September 11, 2016; published online October 25, 2016. Editor: Y. Lawrence Yao.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 139(4), 041011 (Oct 25, 2016) (8 pages) Paper No: MANU-16-1433; doi: 10.1115/1.4034713 History: Received August 16, 2016; Revised September 11, 2016

A polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based carbon fiber (CF) manufacturing cost estimation model driven by mass is presented in this study. One of the biggest limiting factors in the large-scale use of carbon fiber (CF) in manufacturing is its high cost. The costs involved in manufacturing the carbon fiber have been formalized into a cost model in order to facilitate the understanding of these factors. This can play a key role in manufacturing CF in a cost-effective method. This cost model accounts for the fixed and variable costs involved in all the stages of manufacturing, in addition to accounting for price elasticity.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic of CF manufacturing process (adapted from Ref. [10])

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Fig. 2

Cost estimation system

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Fig. 3

Variation of specific heat of PAN with temperature during oxidization [11,18]

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Fig. 4

Variation of specific heat of different carbon fibers with temperature during carbonization [19]

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Fig. 5

A generic Marshallian demand curve [20]

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