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Industry 4.0 and Cloud Manufacturing: A Comparative Analysis

[+] Author and Article Information
Yongkui Liu

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
The University of Auckland,
Auckland 1142, New Zealand;
School of Automation Science
and Electrical Engineering,
Beihang University,
Beijing 100191, China
e-mail: yliu496@aucklanduni.ac.nz

Xun Xu

Fellow ASME
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
The University of Auckland,
Auckland 1142, New Zealand
e-mail: xun.xu@auckland.ac.nz

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received August 17, 2016; final manuscript received September 1, 2016; published online October 6, 2016. Editor: Y. Lawrence Yao.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 139(3), 034701 (Oct 06, 2016) (8 pages) Paper No: MANU-16-1445; doi: 10.1115/1.4034667 History: Received August 17, 2016; Revised September 01, 2016

Information technologies with their strong penetration can provide effective solutions for addressing the challenges faced by the manufacturing industry. Leveraging information technologies to enhance the competitiveness of the manufacturing industry has become a prominent trend worldwide. In this context, two important concepts for manufacturing—Industry 4.0 and cloud manufacturing—have been proposed. Industry 4.0 refers to the fourth industrial revolution, which is characterized by the widespread application of cyber-physical systems (CPS) in the manufacturing environment. Cloud manufacturing is a new service-oriented business paradigm based on the cloud concept and method. Since their inception, there has been a great deal of attention from both academia and industry. However, to date, they have largely been addressed in isolation. The fact is that, although being proposed from different perspectives and embracing different ideas, they each have some key features that can benefit one another. In order to better understand these two concepts, there is a need to compare them and clarify their relationship. To this end, this paper presents basic ideas of Industry 4.0 and cloud manufacturing, gives a brief overview of their current research, and provides a detailed comparative analysis of them from different perspectives.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Manufacturing
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Fig. 1

Number of documents (including conference papers, articles, reviews, books, and book chapters) on Industry 4.0 and cloud manufacturing published during 2010–2016 (the data were obtained from the Scopus database on Aug. 28, 2016)

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Fig. 2

Core concept map of Industry 4.0 and technologies that enable its implementation

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Fig. 3

Principle of Industry 4.0

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Fig. 4

Core concept map of cloud manufacturing and technologies that enable its implementation

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Fig. 5

Principle of cloud manufacturing

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Fig. 6

Comparison between concepts of Industry 4.0 and cloud manufacturing




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