Research Papers

Multistep Method for Grinding Face-Gear by Worm

[+] Author and Article Information
Yuansheng Zhou, Jinyuan Tang, Heng Zhou, Feng Yin

State Key Laboratory on High Performance
Complex Manufacturing,
School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering,
Central South University,
Changsha 410083, China

Manuscript received June 9, 2014; final manuscript received April 5, 2016; published online May 25, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Allen Y. Yi.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 138(7), 071013 (May 25, 2016) (8 pages) Paper No: MANU-14-1316; doi: 10.1115/1.4033387 History: Received June 09, 2014; Revised April 05, 2016

With the original worm grinding method to manufacture face-gear, the mathematical models of shaper, worm, and face-gear are established at the beginning. Subsequently, a problem of the original grinding method is illustrated that the working part of the face-gear tooth surface may not be covered completely. To overcome this problem, multistep grinding method for completely grinding the whole working part is proposed by studying contact lines of the tooth surface and singularities of the worm thread surface. The proposed method is verified in matlab with theoretical analysis. Finally, the simulations of the original method and the multistep method in the vericut software verify the feasibility and correctness of the proposed method. The study provides an effective and precise approach to grinding the face-gear.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Grinding , Gears , Simulation
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Heath, G. F. , Filler, R. R. , and Tan, J. , 2002, “ Development of Face Gear Technology for Industrial and Aerospace Power Transmission,” NASA Contactor Report No. 211320.
Litvin, F. L. , Wang, J.-C. , Bossler, R. B. , Chen, Y.-J. D. , Heath, G. , and Lewicki, D. G. , 1994, “ Application of Face Gear Drives in Helicopter Transmissions,” ASME J. Mech. Des., 116(3), pp. 672–676. [CrossRef]
Litvin, F. L. , Fuentes, A. , Zanzi, C. , Pontiggia, M. , and Handschuh, R. F. , 2002, “ Face Gear Drive With Spur Involute Pinion: Geometry, Generation by a Worm, Stress Analysis,” Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng., 191(25–26), pp. 2785–2813. [CrossRef]
Litvin, F. L. , Nava, A. , Fan, Q. , and Fuentes, A. , 2002, “ New Geometry of Face Worm Gear Drives With Conical and Cylindrical Worms: Generation, Simulation of Meshing, and Stress Analysis,” Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng., 191(27–28), pp. 3035–3054. [CrossRef]
Litvin, F. L. , Egelja, A. , Tan, J. , and Heath, G. , 1998, “ Computerized Design, Generation and Simulation of Meshing of Orthogonal Offset Face Gear Drive With a Spur Involute With Localized Bearing Contact,” Mech. Mach. Theory, 22(1–2), pp. 87–102. [CrossRef]
Haifeng, C. , Jinyuan, T. , and Wei, Z. , 2013, “ Modeling and Predicting of Surface Roughness for Generating Grinding Gear,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2013(70), pp. 1–15.
Jinyuan, T. , Feng, Y. , and Xingming, C. , 2013, “ The Principle of Profile Modified Face-Gear Grinding Based on Disk Wheel,” Mech. Mach. Theory, 2013(70), pp. 1–15.
Hermann, J. S. , 2010, “ CONIFACE Face Gear Cutting and Grinding,” Gear Solutions, pp. 38–47.
Jinyuan, T. , Feng, Y. , and Yan, Z. , 2012, “ Research on the Machining Principle and Error Analysis of Gleason CONIFACE Grinding Method for Face Gear,” J. Mech. Trans., 36(12), pp. 8–11 (in Chinese).
Litvin, F. L. , Chen, Y. D. , Heath, G. F. , Sheth, V. J. , and Chen, N. , 2000, “ Apparatus and Method for Precision Grinding Face Gear,” U.S. Patent No. 6,146,253.
Jie, T. , 2003, “ Tool and Method for Precision Grinding of Conical Face Gear That Meshes With a Conical Involute Pinion,” U.S. Patent No. 6,602,115, B2.
Litvin, F. L. , Ignacio, G. P. , Kenji, Y. , Fuentes, A. , and Hayasaka, K. , 2007, “ Design, Simulation of Meshing, and Contact Stresses for an Improved Worm Gear Drive,” Mech. Mach. Theory, 2007(42), pp. 940–959. [CrossRef]
Gao, J.-Z. , Zhu, R.-P. , and Li, Z.-M.-Q. , 2011, “ Research on Singularities of Base Worm Thread Surface For Hobbing or Grinding Face Gear,” J. Aerosp. Power, 26(10), pp. 2394–2400 (in Chinese).
Yanzhong, W. , Canhui, W. , and Xuyang, G. , 2009, “ Basal Worm-Designing Method of Face-Gear Hob,” J. Beijing Univ. Aeronaut. Astronautics, 35(2), pp. 166–169 (in Chinese).
Zhao, N. , Guo, H. , Fang, Z. , and Shen, Y.-B. , 2009, “ Theory Error of Cutting Face Gears With Sphericity Hob,” J. Aerosp. Power, 24(3), pp. 677–682 (in Chinese).
Yanan, W. , 2013, Research on Hobbing Method of Face Gear, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China (in Chinese).
Yang, X.-Y. , and Tang, J.-Y. , 2014, “ Research on Manufacturing Method of CNC Plunge Milling for Spur Face-Gear,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 214(12), pp. 3013–3019. [CrossRef]
Tang, J.-Y. , and Yang, X.-Y. , 2016, “ Research on Manufacturing Method of Planing for Spur Face-Gear With 4-Axis CNC Planer,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., 82(5), pp. 847–858. [CrossRef]
Liu, D. , Ren, T. , and Xin, J. , 2015, “ Geometrical Model and Tooth Analysis of Undulating Face Gear,” Mech. Mach. Theory, 86, pp. 140–155. [CrossRef]
Litvin, F. L. , Guo, K. , Ye, L. , and Fan, L. , 2008, Gear Geometry and Applied Theory, Shanghai Science and Technology Press, Shanghai, China (in Chinese).
Yang, S. , 2010, VERICUT NC Machining Simulation Technology, Tsinghua University Press, Beijing (in Chinese).


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

(a) Meshing of shaper, worm, and face-gear, (b) coordinate systems applied for the generation of worm surface, and (c) involute profiles of shaper

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

The contact lines on face-gear tooth surface

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

The singular restrictive lines and contact lines on shaper surface

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Illustration of face-gear surface generated by worm

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Illustration of simultaneous meshing of shaper, worm, and face-gear

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Illustration of multistep method for grinding face-gear

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Coordinate systems of generating face-gear based on the multistep method

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

The contact points on face-gear surface in two steps, respectively

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

The final results of the two steps overlapped together

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

The simulation environment established in vericut

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

The result of simulation in vericut by the original method

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

The result of AUTO-DIFF by the original method

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

The result of AUTO-DIFF by the multistep method




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In