0
Research Papers

Velocity-Regulated Path Planning Algorithm for Aerosol Printing Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Bradley Thompson

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
The University of Alabama,
Box 870276,
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0276
e-mail: bathompson4@crimson.ua.edu

Hwan-Sik Yoon

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
The University of Alabama,
Box 870276,
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0276
e-mail: hyoon@eng.ua.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received June 27, 2014; final manuscript received February 22, 2015; published online March 18, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Z.J. Pei.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 137(3), 031020 (Jun 01, 2015) (7 pages) Paper No: MANU-14-1350; doi: 10.1115/1.4029976 History: Received June 27, 2014; Revised February 22, 2015; Online March 18, 2015

Aerosol printing is one of the common methods used in printed electronics. In this study, an improved path planning algorithm is developed for an aerosol printing system. The continuous aerosol stream provided by a printing nozzle requires a constant relative velocity between the printer head and substrate in order to evenly deposit materials. To ensure consistency, the proposed algorithm confines speed fluctuations by predetermining potential velocity errors and compensating with a novel scheme. The path planning algorithm can control motion of an XY stage for an arbitrary printing path and desired velocity while minimizing material waste. Linear segments with parabolic blends (LSPB) trajectory planning is used during printing, and minimum time trajectory (MTT) planning is used during printer transition. Simulation results demonstrate the algorithm's improved capability to maintain the desired velocity while minimizing print time.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Gibson, I., Rosen, D. W., and Stucker, B., 2010, Additive Manufacturing Technologies: Rapid Prototyping to Direct Digital Manufacturing, Springer, New York. [CrossRef]
Page, T., 2012, Design for Additive Manufacturing: Guidelines for Cost Effective Manufacturing, Lambert Academic Publishing, Saarbrücken, Germany.
Kadekar, V., Fang, W., and Liou, F., 2005, “Deposition Technologies for Micromanufacturing: A Review,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 126(4), pp. 787–795. [CrossRef]
Lipson, H., and Kurman, M., 2013, Fabricated: The New World of 3D Printing, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.
Beyer, C., 2014, “Strategic Implications of Current Trends in Additive Manufacturing,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 136(6), p. 064701. [CrossRef]
Dababneh, A. B., and Ozbolat, I. T., 2014, “Bioprinting Technology: A Current State-of-the-Art Review,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 136(6), p. 061016. [CrossRef]
Yu, Y., Zhang, Y., and Ozbolat, I. T., 2014, “A Hybrid Bioprinting Approach for Scale-Up Tissue Fabrication,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 136(6), p. 061013. [CrossRef]
Cantatore, E., 2013, Applications of Organic and Printed Electronics: A Technology-Enabled Revolution, Springer, New York.
Subramanian, V., Frechet, J., Chang, P., Huang, D. C., Lee, J., Molesa, S., Murphy, A., Redinger, D., and Volkman, S., 2005, “Progress Towards Development of All-Printed RFID Tags: Materials, Processes, and Devices,” Proc. IEEE, 93(7), pp. 1330–1338. [CrossRef]
Hur, S.-H., Kocabas, C., Gaur, A., Park, O. O., Shim, M., and, Rogers, J. A., 2005, “Printed Thin-Film Transistors and Complementary Logic Gates That Use Polymer-Coated Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Networks,” J. Appl. Phys., 98(11), p. 114302. [CrossRef]
Mustonen, T., Mäklin, J., Kordás, K., Halonen, K, N., Tóth, G., Saukko, S., Vähäkangas, J., Jantunen, H., Kar, S., Ajayan, P. M., Vajtai, R., Helistö, P., Seppä, H., and Moilanen, H., 2008, “Controlled Ohmic and Nonlinear Electrical Transport in Inkjet-Printed Single-Wall Carbon Nanotube Films,” Phys. Rev. B, 77(12), p. 125430. [CrossRef]
Liu, R., Shen, F., Ding, H., Lin, J., Gu, W., Cui, Z., and Zhang, T., 2013, “All-Carbon-Based Field Effect Transistors Fabricated by Aerosol Jet Printing on Flexible Substrates,” J. Micromech. Microeng., 23(6), p. 065027. [CrossRef]
Gieser, H. A., Bonfert, D., Hengelmann, H., Wolf, H., Bock, K., Zollmer, V., Werner, C., Domann, G., Bahr, J., Ndip, I., Curran, B., Oehler, F., and Milosiu, H., 2010, “Rapid Prototyping of Electronic Modules Combining Aerosol Printing and Ink Jet Printing,” Proceedings of the Electronic System-Integration Technology Conference, Berlin, pp. 1–6.
Park, S., Vosguerichian, M., and Bao, Z., 2013, “A Review of Fabrication and Applications of Carbon Nanotube Film-Based Flexible Electronics,” Nanoscale, 5(5), pp. 1727–1752. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Thompson, B., and Yoon, H.-S., 2013, “Aerosol-Printed Strain Sensor Using PEDOT:PSS,” IEEE Sens. J., 13(11), pp. 4256–4263. [CrossRef]
Thompson, B., and Yoon, H.-S., 2012, “Aerosol Printed Carbon Nanotube Strain Sensor,” Proc. SPIE8346, San Diego, CA, Mar. 11. [CrossRef]
Ando, B., and Baglio, S., 2013, “All-Inkjet Printed Strain Sensors,” IEEE Sens. J., 13(12), pp. 4874–4879. [CrossRef]
Maiwald, M., Werner, C., Zoellmer, V., and Busse, M., 2010, “INKtelligent Printed Strain Gauges,” Sens. Actuators Phys., 162(2), pp. 198–201. [CrossRef]
Zhao, D., Liu, T., Zhang, M., Liang, R., and Wang, B., 2012, “Fabrication and Characterization of Aerosol-Jet Printed Strain Sensors for Multifunctional Composite Structures,” Smart Mater. Struct., 21(11), p. 115008. [CrossRef]
Hammond, F. L., Smith, M. J., and Wood, R. J., 2014, “Printing Strain Gauges on Surgical Instruments for Force Measurement,” ASME J. Med. Devices, 8(3), p. 030935. [CrossRef]
Hoey, J. M., Lutfurakhmanov, A., Schulz, D. L., and Akhatov, I. S., 2012, “A Review on Aerosol-Based Direct-Write and Its Applications for Microelectronics,” J. Nanotechnol., 2012, p. 324380. [CrossRef]
Thompson, B., and Yoon, H.-S., 2014, “Efficient Path Planning Algorithm for Additive Manufacturing Systems,” IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol., 4(9), pp. 1555–1563. [CrossRef]
Spong, M. W., Hutchinson, S., and Vidyasagar, M., 2005, “Path and Trajectory Planning,” Robot Modeling and Control, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Aerosol printer configuration

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Acceleration, velocity, and position profiles for an example LSPB trajectory between two points

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Acceleration, velocity, and position profiles for an example MTT between two points

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Parameters used to define desired printing path

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Motion stage velocities and resulting print speed for continuous printing of consecutively joined segments

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Velocity profiles produced by algorithm and resulting x and y position (shutter closed in shaded regions)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Printer trajectory planning and shutter timing algorithm flowchart

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Arbitrary set of segments used for planning example trajectory

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Shutter timing, velocity profiles, and resulting print speed for vT=vmax case (shutter closed in shaded regions)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Shutter timing, velocity profiles, and resulting print speed for vT = 0.1 mm/s case (shutter closed in shaded regions)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Planned trajectory for vT=vmax case

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Planned trajectory for vT = 0.1 mm/s case

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In