0
Technical Brief

Electric Field-Assisted Additive Manufacturing Polyaniline Based Composites for Thermoelectric Energy Conversion

[+] Author and Article Information
Bruce Y. Decker

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
College of Engineering,
California State Polytechnic University,
Pomona, 3801 West Temple Avenue,
Pomona, CA 91768
e-mail: bydecker@cpp.edu

Yong X. Gan

Mem. ASME
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
College of Engineering,
California State Polytechnic University, Pomona,
3801 West Temple Avenue,
Pomona, CA 91768
e-mail: yxgan@cpp.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received March 28, 2014; final manuscript received December 10, 2014; published online January 20, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Joseph Beaman.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 137(2), 024504 (Apr 01, 2015) (3 pages) Paper No: MANU-14-1136; doi: 10.1115/1.4029398 History: Received March 28, 2014; Revised December 10, 2014; Online January 20, 2015

Polyaniline (PANi) based composites were made by electric force assisted nanocasting. The PANi matrix was mixed with thermoelectric Bi–Te alloy nanoparticles. The uniform dispersion of the nanoparticles in the polymer was achieved via electric field assisted casting. The nanoparticles can enhance the thermoelectricity, specifically increase the Seebeck coefficient. Structure analysis and Seebeck effect experiments were performed. The microstructure of the composite materials was studied by the use of electron microscopy. The preliminary results show that the nanocomposites are n-type with an average Seebeck value of 30 μV/K. The electrical resistance of the composites is about 35 MΩ.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Kajii, H., Tanaka, H., Kusumoto, Y., Ohtomo, T., and Ohmori, Y., 2015, “In-Plane Light Emission of Organic Light-Emitting Transistors With Bilayer Structure Using Ambipolar Semiconducting Polymers,” Org. Electron., 16(1), pp. 26–33. [CrossRef]
Massey, M., Wu, M., Conroy, E. M., and Algar, W. R., 2015, “Mind Your P's and Q's: The Coming of Age of Semiconducting Polymer Dots and Semiconductor Quantum Dots in Biological Applications,” Curr. Opin. Biotechnol., 34(4), pp. 30–40. [CrossRef]
Su, L., and Gan, Y. X., 2012, “Experimental Study on Synthesizing TiO2 Nanotube/Polyaniline (PANI) Nanocomposites and Their Thermoelectric and Photosensitive Property Characterization,” Composites, Part B, 43(2), pp. 170–182. [CrossRef]
Gan, Y. X., Yazawa, R. H., Smith, J. L., Oxley, J. C., Zhang, G., Canino, J., Ying, J., Kagan, G., and Zhang, L., 2014, “Nitroaromatic Explosive Sorption and Sensing Using Electrochemically Processed Polyaniline-Titanium Dioxide Hybrid Nanocomposite,” Mater. Chem. Phys., 143(3), pp. 1431–1439. [CrossRef]
Mitchell, E., Candler, J., De Souza, F., Gupta, R. K., Gupta, R. K., and Dong, L. F., 2015, “High Performance Supercapacitor Based on Multilayer of Polyaniline and Graphene Oxide,” Synth. Met., 199(1), pp. 214–218. [CrossRef]
Shackelford, J. F., 2005, Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers, Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Callister, W. D., 2003, Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, Wiley, New York.
Gan, Y. X., and Overfelt, R. A., 2006, “Fatigue Property of Semisolid A357 Aluminum Alloy Under Different Heat Treatment Conditions,” J. Mater. Sci., 41(22), pp. 7537–7544. [CrossRef]
Pan, J. H., Zhao, X. S., and Lee, W. I., 2011, “Block Copolymer-Templated Synthesis of Highly Organized Mesoporous TiO2-Based Films and Their Photoelectrochemical Applications,” Chem. Eng. J., 170(2–3), pp. 363–380. [CrossRef]
Muylaert, I., Verberckmoes, A., Decker, J. D., and Van Der Voort, P., 2012, “Ordered Mesoporous Phenolic Resins: Highly Versatile and Ultra-Stable Support Materials,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 175, pp. 39–51. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Babić, B., Kokunešoski, M., Miljković, M., Matović, B., Gulicovski, J., Stojmenović, M., and Bučevac, D., 2013, “New Mesoporous Carbon Materials Synthesized by a Templating Procedure,” Ceramics Int., 39(4), pp. 4035–4043. [CrossRef]
Pal, N., and Bhaumik, A., 2013, “Soft Templating Strategies for the Synthesis of Mesoporous Materials: Inorganic, Organic–Inorganic Hybrid and Purely Organic Solids,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 189–190, pp. 21–41. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Kadib, A. E., Molvinger, K., Cacciaguerra, T., Bousmina, M., and Brunel, D., 2011, “Chitosan Templated Synthesis of Porous Metal Oxide Microspheres With Filamentary Nanostructures,” Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 142(1), pp. 301–307. [CrossRef]
Han, B. H., Smarsly, B., Gruber, C., and Wenz, G., 2003, “Towards Porous Silica Materials via Nanocasting of Stable Pseudopolyrotaxanes From Alpha-Cyclodextrin and Polyamines,” Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 66(1), pp. 127–132. [CrossRef]
Xia, X. H., Tu, J. P., Zhang, J., Xiang, J. Y., Wang, X. L., and Zhao, X. B., 2010, “Cobalt Oxide Ordered Bowl-Like Array Films Prepared by Electrodeposition Through Monolayer Polystyrene Sphere Template and Electrochromic Properties,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2(1), pp. 186–192. [CrossRef]
Mary, L. A., Senthilram, T., Suganya, S., Nagarajan, L., Venugopal, J., Ramakrishna, S., and Giri Dev, V. R., 2013, “Centrifugal Spun Ultrafine Fibrous Web as a Potential Drug Delivery Vehicle,” eXPRESS Polym. Lett., 7(3), pp. 238–248. [CrossRef]
Bao, N., Wei, Z., Ma, Z., Liu, F., and Yin, G., 2010, “Si-Doped Mesoporous TiO2 Continuous Fibers: Preparation by Centrifugal Spinning and Photocatalytic Properties,” J. Hazard. Mater., 174(1–3), pp. 129–136. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Wang, L., Shi, J., Liu, L., Secret, E., and Chen, Y., 2011, “Fabrication of Polymer Fiber Scaffolds by Centrifugal Spinning for Cell Culture Studies,” Microelectron. Eng., 88(8), pp. 1718–1721. [CrossRef]
Sedagha, A., Taheri-Nassaj, A., and Naghizadeh, R., 2006, “An Alumina Mat With a Nano Microstructure Prepared by Centrifugal Spinning Method,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 352(26–27), pp. 2818–2828. [CrossRef]
Sandou, T., and Oya, A., 2005, “Preparation of Carbon Nanotubes by Centrifugal Spinning of Core-Shell Polymer Particles,” Carbon, 43(9), pp. 2013–2032. [CrossRef]
Wu, X., and Shang, J., 2014, “An Investigation of Magnetic Pulse Welding of Al/Cu and Interface Characterization,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 136(5), p. 051002. [CrossRef]
Suh, H., Jung, H., Hangarter, C. M., Park, H., Lee, Y., Choa, Y., Myung, N. V., and Hong, K., 2012, “Diameter and Composition Modulated Bismuth Telluride Nanowires by Galvanic Displacement Reaction of Segmented NiFe Nanowires,” Electrochim. Acta, 75, pp. 201–207. [CrossRef]
Suh, H., Nam, K. H., Jung, H., Kim, C. Y., Kim, J. G., Kim, C. S., Myung, N. V., and Hong, K., 2013, “Tapered BiTe Nanowires Synthesis by Galvanic Displacement Reaction of Compositionally Modulated NiFe Nanowires,” Electrochim. Acta, 90, pp. 582–588. [CrossRef]
Gan, Y. X., Koludrovich, M. J., and Zhang, L., 2013, “Thermoelectric Effect of Silicon Nanofibers Capped With Bi-Te Nanoparticles,” Mater. Lett., 111, pp. 126–129. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Electric force assisted nanocasting experimental setup and the working principle. (a) Nanocasting unit on a rotating platform and (b) nanocasting under external forces.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Images of PANi nanofibers on titanium dioxide nanotubes. (a) SEM and (b) TEM.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

(a) TEM image of a Bi–Te/Ni shell-core nanoparticle cluster generated by Galvanic displacement, (b) Bi–Te/Ni in aniline solution, and (c) SEM image of titanium dioxide nanotubes

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

The absolute value of the Seebeck coefficient for the PANi composite material

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In