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Research Papers

Influence of the Thermoplastic Type on the Thermal Evolution of a Piezoceramic Patch During the Manufacture of a Smart Thermoplastic Part by Injection Molding Process

[+] Author and Article Information
Louay Elsoufi

Head of Department
Mechanical Engineering and Energy,
Lebanese-French University of Technology and Applied Sciences,
Deddeh 3852, Lebanon
e-mail: louay.elsoufi@ulf.edu.lb

Khaled Khalil

University Professor
MMC Research Team,
Faculty of Engineering,
Lebanese University,
Hadath 6573-14, Lebanon
e-mail: khkhalil@ul.edu.lb

Willy Charon

University Professor
M3M Laboratory,
University of Technology of Belfort-Montbeliard,
Belfort 90010, France
e-mail: willy.charon@utbm.fr

Remy Lachat

Research Instructor
M3M Laboratory,
University of Technology of Belfort-Montbeliard,
Belfort 90010, France
e-mail: remy.lachat@utbm.fr

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received October 16, 2013; final manuscript received November 8, 2014; published online December 12, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Donggang Yao.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 137(2), 021002 (Apr 01, 2015) (8 pages) Paper No: MANU-13-1376; doi: 10.1115/1.4029092 History: Received October 16, 2013; Revised November 08, 2014; Online December 12, 2014

The frame of the paper is the integration of PZT actuators and sensors within thermoplastic mechanical structures. The objective of the work reported here was to select the appropriate thermoplastic materials for the smart thermoplastic manufacturing. In order to reach this objective, a comparative study was realized between different thermoplastic materials taking into consideration the PZT patch maximum temperature, the overheat time of the PZT patch during injection process, and the PZT loss in piezoelectric properties due to its thermal fragility.

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References

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Elsoufi, L., Khalil, K., Lachat, R., and Charon, W., 2007, “Modeling the Thermal Behavior of PZT Patches During the Manufacturing Process of Smart Thermoplastic Structures,” Smart Mater. Struct., 16(4), pp. 1076–1082. [CrossRef]
Elsoufi, L., Khalil, K., Lachat, R., and Charon, W., 2013, “Influence of the Thermoplastic Type on the Thermal Evolution of a PZT Patch During the Manufacturing of a Smart Thermoplastic Parts,” 10th HSTAM International Congress on Mechanics, Chania, Greece.
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Figures

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Fig. 1

PZT patch description

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Fig. 2

Description of the mold for simulation (case with hp = 0.75 mm)

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Fig. 3

Topology of finite element model

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Fig. 4

The variation of temperature function of time, by finite elements analysis and analytical calculation

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Fig. 5

Patch position influence on T=function(t) curve of piezoceramic patch in molding case for polypropylene

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Fig. 6

Overheat time curve variation with different position of the PZT patch in molding case for polypropylene

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Fig. 7

Maximum temperature variation in PZT with its position in the plate for different thermoplastic materials

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Fig. 8

Curve of overheat time variation of the PZT with different PZT position for Curie temperature Tc = 200 °C

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Fig. 9

Procedure to obtain the evolution of the maximum temperature in the PZT patch function of thermal parameters

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Fig. 10

Variation of the maximum temperature in the PZT patch with the injection temperature of injection molding

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Fig. 11

Variation of the maximum temperature in the PZT patch with the thermoplastic thermal conductivity

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Fig. 12

Variation of the maximum temperature in the PZT patch with the thermoplastic specific heat

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Fig. 13

Block diagram representing the calculation approach of the PZT loss function of the PZT patch position

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Fig. 14

PZT loss percentage with the position of the PZT patch (sensor) in the plate, and the thermoplastic material for a frequency of dynamic motion (vibration)=10 Hz

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Fig. 15

PZT loss percentage with the position of the PZT patch (sensor) in the plate, and the thermoplastic material for a frequency of dynamic motion (vibration) = 100 Hz

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