Technology Review

Additive Manufacturing: Current State, Future Potential, Gaps and Needs, and Recommendations

[+] Author and Article Information
Yong Huang

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
University of Florida,
Gainesville, FL 32611
e-mail: yongh@ufl.edu

Ming C. Leu

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
Missouri University of Science and Technology,
Rolla, MO 65409

Jyoti Mazumder

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Michigan,
Ann Arbor, MI 48109

Alkan Donmez

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST),
Gaithersburg, MD 20899

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received April 19, 2014; final manuscript received September 22, 2014; published online November 26, 2014. Assoc. Editor: David L. Bourell.

This material is declared a work of the US Government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 137(1), 014001 (Feb 01, 2015) (10 pages) Paper No: MANU-14-1231; doi: 10.1115/1.4028725 History: Received April 19, 2014; Revised September 22, 2014; Online November 26, 2014

Additive manufacturing (AM), the process of joining materials to make objects from three-dimensional (3D) model data, usually layer by layer, is distinctly a different form and has many advantages over traditional manufacturing processes. Commonly known as “3D printing,” AM provides a cost-effective and time-efficient way to produce low-volume, customized products with complicated geometries and advanced material properties and functionality. As a result of the 2013 National Science Foundation (NSF) Workshop on Frontiers of Additive Manufacturing Research and Education, this paper summarizes AM's current state, future potential, gaps and needs, as well as recommendations for technology and research, university–industry collaboration and technology transfer, and education and training.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
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Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Four essential technology elements and system integration for viable AM

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Position of AM on the hype curve



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