This paper presents the state of surface integrity produced on hardened-high strength 41Cr4 steel after hard machining and finish ball burnishing. Surfaces machined by sequential machining processes were characterized using 2D and 3D surface roughness parameters. Moreover, detailed functionality of the generated surfaces was performed using a set of 3D functional roughness parameters. Among the characteristics of the surface layer, its microstructure, the distribution of microhardness and the residual stresses were determined. This investigation confirms that ball burnishing allows producing surfaces with lower surface roughness and better service properties than those generated by cubic boron nitride (CBN) finish hard turning operations.