Research Papers

Designing the Spindle Parameters of Vortex Spinning by Modeling the Fiber/Air Two-Phase Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
Zeguang Pei

College of Mechanical Engineering,
Donghua University,
Shanghai 201620, China
e-mail: zgpei@dhu.edu.cn

Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received August 3, 2013; final manuscript received December 24, 2013; published online March 26, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Donggang Yao.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 136(3), 031012 (Mar 26, 2014) (9 pages) Paper No: MANU-13-1302; doi: 10.1115/1.4026445 History: Received August 03, 2013; Revised December 24, 2013

Vortex spinning is a novel technology which produces short-staple yarns by utilizing high-speed swirling airflow. The structure of the spindle plays an important role in vortex spinning in terms of its effect on the resulting yarn properties. In this paper, a two-dimensional fluid-structure interaction (FSI) model for the fiber/air two-phase flow is presented to design the two spindle parameters—the spindle cone angle and spindle diameter by evaluating their effects on the fiber dynamics in the flow field inside the twisting system and the resulting yarn tenacity. The coupling between the fiber and airflow is solved and the motional characteristics of the fiber are obtained. It is found that the fiber moves downstream in a varying wavy shape and its spreaded trailing portion is then in a helical motion to form the yarn. The results also show that the increase of the spindle cone angle has a negative effect on the tenacity of the produced vortex yarn. The increased spindle diameter gives rise to the decreased vortex yarn tenacity. The numerical results can provide an explanation for the experimental results reported by previous studies.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Morimoto, K., Tada, Y., Takashima, H., Minamino, K., Tahara, R., and Konishi, S., 2010, “Micro Spinning Nozzle Having 3D Profile for Fiber Generation With Spiral Air Flow,” Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS' 10), Hong Kong, pp. 244–247.
Küppers, S., Müller, H., Ziegler, K., Heitmann, U., and Planck, H., 2008, “Spinning Limits at Vortex Spinning at the Processing of 100% Cotton,” Melliand Engl., 7–8, pp. 71–72.
Deno, K., 1996, “Spinning Apparatus With Twisting Guide Surfaces,” U.S. Patent No. 5,528,895.
Basal, G., and Oxenham, W., 2006, “Effects of Some Process Parameters on the Structure and Properties of Vortex Spun Yarn,” Text. Res. J., 76(6), pp. 492–499. [CrossRef]
Ortlek, H. G., 2006, “Influence of Selected Process Variables on the Mechanical Properties of Core-Spun Vortex Yarns Containing Elastane,” Fibres Text. East. Eur., 14(3), pp. 42–44.
Ortlek, H. G., Nair, F., Kilik, R., and Guven, K., 2008, “Effect of Spindle Diameter and Spindle Working Period on the Properties of 100% Viscose MVS Yarns,” Fibres Text. East. Eur., 16(3), pp. 17–20.
Guo, H., An, X., Yu, Z., and Yu, C., 2008, “A Numerical and Experimental Study on the Effect of the Cone Angle of the Spindle in Murata Vortex Spinning,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 130(3), p. 031106. [CrossRef]
Pei, Z., and Yu, C., 2011, “Prediction of the Vortex Yarn Tenacity From Some Process and Nozzle Parameters Based on Numerical Simulation and Artificial Neural Network,” Text. Res. J., 81(17), pp. 1796–1807. [CrossRef]
Stalder, H., and Anderegg, P., 2006, “Device for Producing a Spun Yarn,” U.S. Patent No. 7,043,893 B2.
Zou, Z. Y., Liu, S. R., Zheng, S. M., and Cheng, L. D., 2010, “Numerical Computation of a Flow Field Affected by the Process Parameters of Murata Vortex Spinning,” Fibres Text. East. Eur., 18(2), pp. 35–39.
Zou, Z. Y., Cheng, L. D., Xue, W. L., and Yu, J. Y., 2008, “A Study of the Twisted Strength of the Whirled Airflow in Murata Vortex Spinning,” Text. Res. J., 78(8), pp. 682–687. [CrossRef]
Pei, Z., and Yu, C., 2009, “Study on the Principle of Yarn Formation of Murata Vortex Spinning Using Numerical Simulation,” Text. Res. J., 79(14), pp. 1274–1280. [CrossRef]
Tam, D., Radovitzky, R., and Samtaney, R., 2005, “An Algorithm for Modelling the Interaction of a Flexible Rod With a Two-Dimensional High-Speed Flow,” Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., 64(8), pp. 1057–1077. [CrossRef]
Simoneau, J., Sageaux, T., Moussallam, N., and Bernard, O., 2011, “Fluid Structure Interaction Between Rods and a Cross Flow—Numerical Approach,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 241(11), pp. 4515–4522. [CrossRef]
Oh, H. J., Song, Y. S., Kim, S. H., Kim, S. Y., and Youn, J. R., 2011, “Fluid–Structure Interaction Analysis on the Film Wrinkling Problem of a Film Insert Molded Part,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 51(4), pp. 812–818. [CrossRef]
Zeng, Y. C., and Yu, C. W., 2004, “Numerical Simulation of Fiber Motion in the Nozzle of an Air-Jet Spinning Machine,” Text. Res. J., 74(2), pp. 117–122. [CrossRef]
Hirt, C. W., Amsden, A. A., and Cook, J. L., 1974, “An Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian Computing Method for All Flow Speeds,” J. Comput. Phys., 14(3), pp. 227–253. [CrossRef]
Launder, B. E., and Spalding, D. B., 1972, Lectures in Mathematical Models of Turbulence, Academic, London.
Sadykava, F. K., 1972, “The Poisson's Ratio of Textile Fibres and Yarns,” Fibre. Chem., 3(2), pp. 180–183. [CrossRef]
Pantuso, D., Bathe, K. J., and Bouzinov, P. A., 2000, “A Finite Element Procedure for the Analysis of Thermo-Mechanical Solids in Contact,” Comput. Struct., 75(6), pp. 551–573. [CrossRef]
Basal, G., and Oxenham, W., 2003, “Vortex Spun Yarn vs. Air-Jet Spun Yarn,” AUTEX. Res. J., 3(3), pp. 96–101.
Yu, Z. S., 2007, “Research on the Vortex Spinning Method,” M.E. thesis, Donghua University, Shanghai, China.
Diao, C. Y., 2010, “Optimization of the Vortex Spinning Nozzle Parameters and Research on the Knitted Fabrics,” M.E. thesis, Donghua University, Shanghai, China.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Structure of the twisting system and yarn formation process in vortex spinning [3]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

The geometry of the two-dimensional computational domains of the airflow field and fiber

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Mesh generated for the computational domain: (a) airflow domain and (b) a close-up view of the mesh near the fiber leading end

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Simulation result of the fiber dynamics and airflow velocity contours in the twisting system of vortex spinning in case 1: (a) t = 0.0007 s, (b) t = 0.00096 s, (c) t = 0.00126 s, (d) t = 0.00157 s, (e) t = 0.00176 s, (f) t = 0.00195 s, (g) t = 0.00203 s, and (h) t = 0.00217 s

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

High-speed photographic image of the fiber dynamics in the nozzle of vortex spinning

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Simulation result of the fiber dynamics and airflow velocity contours in the twisting system of vortex spinning in case 2 (α = 20 deg): (a) t = 0.00062 s, (b) t = 0.00086 s, (c) t = 0.00116 s, (d) t = 0.00149 s, (e) t = 0.00163 s, (f) t = 0.00190 s, (g) t = 0.00206 s, and (h) t = 0.00222 s

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Simulation result of the fiber dynamics and airflow velocity contours in the twisting system of vortex spinning in case 3 (α = 25 deg): (a) t = 0.00061 s, (b) t = 0.00081 s, (c) t = 0.00116 s, (d) t = 0.00143 s, (e) t = 0.00165 s, (f) t = 0.00189 s, (g) t = 0.00199 s, and (h) t = 0.00213 s

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Effect of the spindle cone angle on the time series for the radial displacement at the trailing tip of the fiber

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Effect of the spindle diameter on the time series for the radial displacement at the trailing tip of the fiber

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Simulation result of the fiber dynamics and airflow velocity contours in the twisting system of vortex spinning in case 5 (d = 1.2 mm): (a) t = 0.00064 s, (b) t = 0.00099 s, (c) t = 0.00124 s, (d) t = 0.00150 s, (e) t = 0.00177 s, and (f) t = 0.00230 s

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Simulation result of the fiber dynamics and airflow velocity contours in the twisting system of vortex spinning in case 4 (d = 1.1 mm): (a) t = 0.00071 s, (b) t = 0.00099 s, (c) t = 0.00132 s, (d) t = 0.00160 s, (e) t = 0.00173 s, (f) t = 0.00188 s, and (g) t = 0.00230 s




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In