Technical Briefs

Sustainability Indicators for Grinding Applied to Dressing Strategies

[+] Author and Article Information
Barbara Sabine Linke

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
University of California Davis,
One Shields Avenue,
2052 Bainer, Davis, CA 95616
e-mail: bslinke@ucdavis.edu

Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received February 8, 2013; final manuscript received July 26, 2013; published online September 11, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Y. B. Guo.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 135(5), 054502 (Sep 11, 2013) (6 pages) Paper No: MANU-13-1055; doi: 10.1115/1.4025191 History: Received February 08, 2013; Revised July 26, 2013

Growing environmental awareness leads production engineers to focus increasingly on energy and material efficiency of manufacturing processes. However, only a few holistic approaches have been applied on the manufacturing process level and they often disregard product quality. In this study, sustainability indicators for the discrete manufacturing process of grinding are defined and discussed. Various temporal and spatial boundaries for the sustainability analysis are evaluated with regard to their effect on the results. Selected indicators, here energy and waste intensity, are then used to evaluate different dressing strategies in a case study. This study highlights the challenges in setting the boundaries for a sustainability analysis and stresses the importance of clearly defining these in research papers.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Allan, D., Bauer, D., Bras, B., Gutowski, T., Murphy, C., Piwonka, T., Sheng, P., Sutherland, J., Thurston, D., and Wolff, E., 2002, “Environmentally Benign Manufacturing: Trends in Europe, Japan, and the USA,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 124, pp. 908–920. [CrossRef]
Duflou, J. R., Sutherland, J. W., Dornfeld, D., Herrmann, C., Jeswiet, J., Kara, S., Hauschild, M., and Kellens, K., 2012, “Towards Energy and Resource Efficient Manufacturing: A Processes and Systems Approach,” CIRP Ann., 61(2), pp. 587–609. [CrossRef]
Dornfeld, D., 2010, “Sustainable Manufacturing—Greening Processes, Systems and Products,” Proceedings of the ICMC Sustainable Production for Resource Efficiency and Ecomobility, Chemnitz, Germany, September.
Haapala, K. R., Catalina, A. V., Johnson, M. L., and Sutherland, J. W., 2012, “Development and Application of Models for Steelmaking and Casting Environmental Performance,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 134, p. 051013. [CrossRef]
Haapala, K. R., Zhao, F., Camelio, J., Sutherland, J. W., Skerlos, S. J., Dornfeld, D. A., Jawahir, I. S., Clarens, A. F., and Rickli, J. L., 2013, “A Review of Engineering Research in Sustainable Manufacturing,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 135, p. 041014. [CrossRef]
Hauschild, M., Jeswiet, J., and Alting, L., 2005, “From Life Cycle Assessment to Sustainable Production: Status and Perspectives,” CIRP Ann., 54(2), pp. 1–21. [CrossRef]
Yuan, C., Zhai, Q., and Dornfeld, D., 2012, “A Three Dimensional System Approach for Environmentally Sustainable Manufacturing,” CIRP Ann., 61(1), pp. 39–42. [CrossRef]
Jayal, A. D., Badurdeen, F., Dillon, O. W., and Jawahir, I. S., 2010, “Sustainable Manufacturing: Modeling and Optimization Challenges at the Product, Process and System Levels,” CIRP J. Manuf. Sci. Technol., 2(3), pp. 144–152. [CrossRef]
Reich-Weiser, C., Vijayaraghavan, A., and Dornfeld, D., 2008, “Metrics for Sustainable Manufacturing,” Proceedings of the 2008 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC, Evanstown, IL, October.
Kellens, K., Dewulf, W., Overcash, M., Hauschild, and M., Duflou, J. R., 2012, “Methodology for Systematic Analysis and Improvement of Manufacturing Unit Process Life Cycle Inventory, Part 1: Methodology Description,” Int. J. Life Cycle Assess., 17(1), pp. 69–78. [CrossRef]
OECD, 2011, “OECD Sustainable Manufacturing Toolkit,” Retrieved on May 15, 2012, www.oecd.org/innovation/green/toolkit
Lu, T., Rotella, G., Badurdeen, F., Dillon, O. W., Rouch, K. E., and Jawahir, I. S., 2012, “A Metrics-Based Sustainability Assessment for Different Coolant Applications in a Turning Process,” Proceedings of the CIRP GCSM, Turkey, pp. 564–569.
Joung, C. B., Carrell, J., Sarkar, P., and Feng, S. C., 2012, “Categorization of Indicators for Sustainable Manufacturing,” Ecol. Indicators, 24, pp. 148–157. [CrossRef]
Sarkar, P., Joung, C. B., Carrell, J., and Feng, S. C., 2011, “Sustainable Manufacturing Indicator Repository,” ASME Proceedings on 31st Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Parts A and B, Washington, DC, Aug. 28–31, Vol. 2, pp. 943–950.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), 2011, “Sustainable Manufacturing Indicator Repository”, Retrieved on May 2, 2013, http://www.mel.nist.gov/msid/SMIR/index.html
Linke, B., and Overcash, M., 2012, “Life Cycle Analysis of Grinding,” Proceedings of the 19th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Berkeley, CA, pp. 293–298.
Helu, M., Vijayaraghavan, A., and Dornfeld, D., 2011, “Evaluating the Relationship Between Use Phase Environmental Impacts and Manufacturing Process Precision,” CIRP Ann., 60(1), pp. 49–52. [CrossRef]
Linke, B., Duscha, M., Klocke, F., and Dornfeld, D., 2011, “Combination of Speed Stroke Grinding and High Speed Grinding With Regard to Sustainability,” Proceedings of the 44th CIRP International Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Madison, WI, June 1–3.
Malkin, S., and Guo, C., 2008, Grinding Technology: Theory and Application of Machining With Abrasives, 2nd ed., Industrial Press, New York.
Klocke, F., 2009, Manufacturing Processes 2—Grinding, Honing, Lapping, RWTH ed., A. Kuchle, translator, Springer, Berlin.
Marinescu, I. D., Hitchiner, M., Uhlmann, E., Rowe, W. B., and Inasaki, I., 2007, Handbook of Machining With Grinding Wheels, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Rowe, W. B., 2009, Principles of Modern Grinding Technology, William Andrew, Oxford, UK.
Jackson, M. J., and Davim, J. P., 2011, Machining With abrasives, Springer, New York.
Singh, R. K., Murty, H. R., Gupta, S. K., and Dikshit, A. K., 2012, “An Overview of Sustainability Assessment Methodologies,” Ecol. Indicators, 15, pp. 281–299. [CrossRef]
Linke, B., Corman, G., Dornfeld, D., and Tönissen, S., 2013, “Sustainability Indicators for Discrete Manufacturing Processes Applied to Grinding Technology,” J. Manuf. Syst., (in press). [CrossRef]
Graedel, T., Allenby, B., and Comrie, P., 1995, “Matrix Approaches to Abridged Life Cycle Assessment,” Environ. Sci. Technol., 29(3), pp. 134A–139A. [CrossRef]
Zhang, H., and Haapala, K. R., 2012, “Integrating Sustainability Assessment into Manufacturing Decision Making,” Proceedings of the 19th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Berkeley, CA, pp. 551–556.
Tönshoff, H. K., Peters, J., Inasaki, I., and Paul, T., 1992, “Modelling and Simulation of Grinding Processes,” CIRP Ann., 41(2), pp. 677–687. [CrossRef]
Li, W., Winter, M., Kara, S., and Herrmann, C., 2012, “Eco-Efficiency of Manufacturing Processes: A Grinding Case,” CIRP Ann., 61(1), pp. 59–62. [CrossRef]
Linke, B., and Dornfeld, D., 2012, “Application of Axiomatic Design Principles to Identify More Sustainable Strategies for Grinding,” J. Manuf. Syst., 31(4), pp. 412–419. [CrossRef]
Suh, N. P., 2001, Axiomatic Design: Advances and Applications, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
Chen, X., Rowe, W., Allanson, D. R., and Mills, B., 1999, “A Grinding Power Model for Selection of Dressing and Grinding Conditions,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 121, pp. 632–637. [CrossRef]
Diaz, N., Redelsheimer, E., and Dornfeld, D., 2011, “Energy Consumption Characterization and Reduction Strategies for Milling Machine Tool Use,” Proceedings of the 18th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Braunschweig, Germany, pp. 263–267.
Herrmann, C., and Thiede, S., 2009, “Process Chain Simulation to Foster Energy Efficiency in Manufacturing,” CIRP J. Manuf. Sci. Technol., 1(4), pp. 221–229. [CrossRef]
Vijayaraghavan, A., and Dornfeld, D., 2010, “Automated Energy Monitoring of Machine Tools,” CIRP Ann., 59(1), pp. 21–24. [CrossRef]
Hutchins, M., Gierke, J., and Sutherland, J., 2010, “Development of a Framework and Indicators for Societal Sustainability in Support of Manufacturing Enterprise Decisions,” Trans. NAMRI/SME, 38, pp. 759–766.
de Araujo, J. B., and de Oliveira, J. F. G., 2012, “Evaluation of Two Competing Machining Processes Based on Sustainability Indicators,” Proceedings of the 19th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Berkeley, CA, pp. 317–322.
Krajn, D., and Glavic, P., 2003, “Indicators of Sustainable Production,” Clean Technol. Environ. Policy, 5, pp. 279–288. [CrossRef]
World Resources Institute and World Business Council for Sustainable Development, 2004, The Greenhouse Gas Protocol, WBCSD, Washington, DC.
Duflou, J. R., Kellens, K., Renaldi, Guo, Y., and Dewulf, W., 2012, “Critical Comparison of Methods to Determine the Energy Input for Discrete Manufacturing Processes,” CIRP Ann., 61(1), pp. 63–66. [CrossRef]
Lee, C. W., 2009, “Dynamic Optimization of the Grinding Process in Batch Production,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 131, p. 021006. [CrossRef]
Buttery, T. C., Statham, A., and Percival, J. B., 1979, “Some Effects of Dressing on Grinding Performance,” Wear, 55, pp. 195–219. [CrossRef]
Malkin, S., and Cook, N. H., 1971, “The Wear of Grinding Wheels, Part 2—Fracture Wear,” ASME J. Eng. Ind., 93, pp. 1129–1133. [CrossRef]
Linke, B., 2007, Wirkmechanismen beim Abrichten keramisch gebundener Schleifscheiben, Ph.D. thesis, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.
Capello, E., and Semeraro, Q., 2002, “Process Parameters and Residual Stresses in Cylindrical Grinding,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 124, pp. 615–623. [CrossRef]
Brinksmeier, E., Cammett, J. T., Koenig, W., Leskovar, P., Peters, J., and Toenshoff, H. K., 1982, “Residual Stresses—Measurement and Causes in Machining Processes,” CIRP Ann., 3(2), pp. 491–510. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Part costs from time-dependent and constant costs

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Time per part from primary processing time and nonproductive time

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Part surface roughness, tangential grinding force, and radial wheel wear over machined workpiece volume Vw

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Idealized machine power profile over time

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Average energy and residuals intensity per part for different temporal boundaries (strategy A = black columns, strategy B = gray columns)




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In