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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Aspects of Finite Element Simulation of Axi-Symmetric Hydromechanical Deep Drawing

[+] Author and Article Information
M. R. Jensen

Department of Production, Aalborg University, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark

L. Olovsson

Department of Solid Mechanics, Linköping University, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden

J. Danckert, K. B. Nielsen

Department of Production, Aalborg University, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 123(3), 411-415 (Sep 01, 2000) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1378793 History: Received January 01, 1999; Revised September 01, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Kasuga,  Y., and Tsutsumi,  S., 1965, “Pressure Lubricated Deep Drawing (Conclusion),” Bull. JSME, 8, No. 29, 120–131.
Buerk, E., 1967, “Hydromechanical Deep Drawing,” Sheet Metal Industries, March, pp. 182–188.
Herold,  U., 1981, “Bestimmung des Eigenspannungszustandes herkommlich und hydromechanisch tiefgezogener Werkstucke,” Industrie Anzeiger,23.9, No. 77, pp. 22–23.
Nakagawa, T., Nakamura, K., and Amino, H., 1996, “Various Applications of Hydraulic Counter-pressure Deep Drawing,” Int. Conf. on Sheet Metal Forming Technology, Ohio, pp. 1–17.
Nakagawa,  T., Nakamura,  K., and Amino,  H., 1997, “Various Applications of Hydraulic Counter-Pressure Deep Drawing,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 71, pp. 160–167.
Amino,  H., Nakamura,  K., and Nakagawa,  T., 1990, “Counter-pressure Deep Drawing and Its Application in the Forming of Automobile Parts,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 23, pp. 243–265.
Andersen, J. C. F., 1994, “Hydromechanical Forming of High Strength Sheet Steels”. PhD thesis, Department of Production, Aalborg University, Denmark (in Danish).
Olovsson, L., 1998, “Finite Element Simulation of Metal Cutting Operations,” Technical Report, Department of Solid Mechanics, Linköping University, ISBN 91-7219-143-0.
Jensen, M. R., and Olovsson, L., 1998d, “Finite Element Simulation of the Hydromechanical Deep Drawing Process using Exhale2D,” Department of Production 1998, Publication No. 1998F-04.
Yang,  D. Y., Kim,  J. B., and Lee,  D. W., 1995, “Investigation into Manufacturing of Very Long Cups by Hydromechanical Deep Drawing and Ironing with Controlled Radial Pressure,” Annals of the CIRP, 44, No. 1, pp. 255–258.
Gelin, J. C., and Delassus, P., 1996, “Modelling and Optimal Control of Process Parameters in the Aquadraw Deep Drawing Process,” Proceedings, 5th Int. Conf. on Plasticity, Ohio, 2 , pp. 831–834.
An, J., and Soni, A. H., 1996, “Three dimensional Computer Simulation of a Sheet Metal Hydroforming Process,” Proceedings, 5th Int. Conf. on Plasticity, Ohio 2 , pp. 827–830.
Moshfegh, R., Jensen, M. R., Nilsson, L., and Danckert, J., 1998, “Finite Element Simulation of the Hydromechanical Deep Drawing Process,” First ESAFORM Conference on Metal Forming, Sophia-Antipolis, 17–20 March, pp. 203–206.
Nielsen, K. B., Jensen, M. R., and Danckert, J., 1998, “Automatic Process Layout for the Aquadraw Process,” 19th Riso̸ International Symposium on Materials Science, 7–11 September, Risø, pp. 391–397.
Jensen, M. R., Olovsson, L., and Danckert, J., 1998c, “Numerical Model for the Oil Pressure Distribution in the Hydromechanical Deep Drawing Process,” Sheet Metal 1998, 6th International Conference, University of Twente, The Netherlands, 6–8 April, I , pp. 247–256.
Miyauchi, K., Furubayashi, T., Herai, T., and Sudo, C., 1978, “Galling Behavior and Its Tests in Press Forming of Autobody Parts,” 10th Int. Congress IDDRG, pp. 287–296.
Jensen,  M. R., Damborg,  F. F., Nielsen,  K. B., and Danckert,  J., 1998a, “Applying the Finite-Element Method for Determination of Tool Wear in Conventional Deep Drawing,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 83, Nos. 1-3, pp. 98–105.
Jensen,  M. R., Damborg,  F. F., Nielsen,  K. B., and Danckert,  J., 1998b, “Optimization of the Draw-Die Design in Conventional Deep Drawing in Order to Minimize Tool Wear,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 83, Nos. 1-3, pp. 106–114.

Figures

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Examples of complex parts drawn with the HDD process
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Sketch of the HDD process
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The experimental setup (a) The press used (b) The applied tools
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The geometry for the cylindrical deep drawing process
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The considered situation between the blank and the draw die
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Experimentally and numerically obtained counter pressure curves
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Numerically (solid lines) and experimentally (dashed lines) obtained cup wall shapes
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The geometry of the punch in the second test example (NUMISHEET’99 Benchmark B.2 test)
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The counter pressure during the process of the second test example; no relief-valve is used
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The situation for 54 mm (a) and 69 mm (b) punch. The units of both axis are meter.
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The normalized blank thickness for the final drawn cup, punch travel 82 mm. The thickness is plotted as function of the radial distance.
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The pressure distribution at the draw die profile during the punch travel of the first test example. The position at the draw die profile is given in rad, where the die outlet is 0 rad.

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