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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Comparison of Methods to Measure Grinding Temperatures

[+] Author and Article Information
Xipeng Xu, Stephen Malkin

Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003-2210e-mail: malkin@ecs.umass.edu

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 123(2), 191-195 (Aug 01, 2000) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1369358 History: Received March 01, 2000; Revised August 01, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Jaeger,  J. C., 1942, “Moving Sources of Heat and Temperature at Sliding Contacts,” Proc. of the Royal Society of New South Wales,76, pp. 203–204.
Outwater,  J. O., and Shaw,  M. C., 1952, “Surface Temperatures in Grinding,” Trans. ASME, 74, pp. 73–86.
Rowe,  W. B., Black,  S. C. E., Mills,  B., and Qi,  H. S., 1996, “Analysis of Grinding Temperatures by Energy Partitioning,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture,210, pp. 579–588.
Malkin,  S., 1974, “Thermal Aspects of Grinding, Part 2—Surface Temperature and Workpiece Burn,” ASME J. Eng. Ind., 96, pp. 1184–1191.
Guo,  C., and Malkin,  S., 1995, “Analysis of Transient Temperatures in Grinding,” ASME J. Eng. Ind., 117, pp. 571–577.
Guo,  C., and Malkin,  S., 1995, “Analysis of Energy Partition in Grinding,” ASME J. Eng. Ind. 117, pp. 55–61.
Malkin, S., 1989, Grinding Technology: Theory and Application of Machining with Abrasives, John Wiley & Sons, New York, Reprinted by SME, Dearborn.
Snoeys,  R., Maris,  M., and Peters,  J., 1978, “Thermally Induced Damage in Grinding,” CIRP Ann., 27, pp. 571–580.
Malkin,  S., and Anderson,  R. B., 1974, “Thermal Aspects of Grinding: Part I—Energy Partition,” ASME J. Eng. Ind., 96, pp. 1117–1183.
Littmann,  W. E., and Wulff,  J., 1955, “The Influence of the Grinding Process on the Structure of Hardened Steel,” Trans. ASME, 47, pp. 692–714.
Takazawa,  K., 1966, “Effects of Grinding Variables on Surface Structure of Hardened Steels,” Bull. Jpn. Soc. Precis. Eng., 2, pp. 14–19.
Kohli,  S., Guo,  C., and Malkin,  S., 1995, “Energy Partition to the Workpiece for Grinding with Aluminum Oxide, and CBN Abrasive Wheels,” ASME J. Eng. Ind. 117, pp. 160–168.
Guo,  C., Wu,  Y., Varghese,  V., and Malkin,  S., 1999, “Temperatures and Energy Partition for Grinding with Vitrified CBN Wheels,” CIRP Ann., 48, pp. 247–250.
Ueda,  T., Yamada,  K., and Sugita,  T., 1992, “Measurement of Grinding Temperature of Ceramics Using Infrared Radiation Pyrometer with Optical Fiber,” ASME J. Eng. Ind., 114, pp. 317–322.
Zhu, B., 1996, “Thermal Aspects of Ceramic Grinding,” Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Xu, X. P., 1992, “A Fundamental Study on Deep Grinding of Difficult-to-Machine Materials with High Efficiency,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Nanjing Aeronautical Institute, Nanjing, China (in Chinese).
Gu,  Y. D., and Wager,  G. J., 1990, “Further Evidence on the Contact Zone in Surface Grinding,” CIRP Ann., 39, pp. 349–352.
Nee,  A. Y. C., and Tay,  A. O., 1981, “On the Measurement of Surface Grinding Temperature,” Int. J. Mach. Tool Des. Res., 21, pp. 279–291.
Kim,  N. K., Guo,  C., and Malkin,  S., 1997, “Heat Flux and Energy Partition in Creep-Feed Grinding,” CIRP Ann., 46, pp. 227–232.

Figures

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Illustration of the setup for temperature and power measurements
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A typical power trace during a grinding pass and power variation from pass to pass: (a) power trace during a single pass and (b) power variation from pass to pass
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Temperature responses recorded by the three methods
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Thermal model for temperature matching and theoretical analysis
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Measured and analytical temperature profiles versus dimensionless length x/l
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Maximum temperature rise versus depth beneath workpiece surface
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Temperatures from the infrared detector versus temperatures from the embedded thermocouple

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