The purpose of this paper is to present a direct digital manufacturing (DDM) process that is an order of magnitude faster than other DDM processes that are currently available. The developed process is based on a mask-image-projection-based stereolithography (MIP-SL) process, in which a digital micromirror device (DMD) controls projection light to selectively cure liquid photopolymer resin. In order to achieve high-speed fabrication, we investigate the bottom-up projection system in the MIP-SL process. A two-way linear motion approach has been developed for the quick spreading of liquid resin into uniform thin layers. The system design and related settings for achieving a fabrication speed of a few seconds per layer are presented. Additionally, the hardware, software, and material setups for fabricating three-dimensional (3D) digital models are presented. Experimental studies using the developed testbed have been performed to verify the effectiveness and efficiency of the presented fast MIP-SL process. The test results illustrate that the newly developed process can build a moderately sized part within minutes instead of hours that are typically required.