Laser shock peening (LSP) is an innovative surface treatment technique similar to shot peening. An analytical model to predict the residual stress field can obtain the impact effect much quickly, and will be invaluable in enabling a close-loop process control in production, saving time and cost of processing. A complete analytical model of LSP with some reasonable simplification is proposed to predict residual stresses in depth by a sequential application of a confined plasma development model and a residual stress model. The spatial distribution of the shock pressure and the high strain rate effect are considered in the model. Good agreements have been shown with several experimental measured results for various laser conditions and target materials, thus proving the validity of the proposed model.