Anisotropy of workpiece crystals has a significant effect in micromachining since the uncut chip thickness values used in micromachining are commensurate with characteristic dimensions of crystals in crystalline materials. This paper presents an experimental investigation on orthogonal micromachining of single-crystal aluminum at different crystallographic orientations for varying uncut chip thicknesses and cutting speeds using a diamond tool. Micromachining forces, specific energies, effective coefficient of friction, shear angles, shear stresses, and chip morphology were examined for six crystallographic orientations at uncut chip thicknesses ranging from and cutting speeds ranging from . Three distinct types of forces were observed, including steady (Type-I), bistable (Type-II), and fluctuating (Type-III) force signatures. The forces were seen to vary by as much as threefold with crystallographic orientation. Although the effect of cutting speed was small, the uncut chip thickness was seen to have a significant orientation-dependent effect on average forces. Chip morphology, analyzed under scanning electron microscopy, showed shear-front lamella, the periodicity of which was seen to vary with crystallographic orientations and uncut chip thicknesses.