High frequency induction welding is widely employed for longitudinal seam welding of small scale tubes and pipes due to its relatively high processing speed and efficiency. This research is aimed at understanding the variables that affect the quality of the high frequency induction welding. The welding variables include the welding frequency, weld speed, vee angle, and tube thickness. Temperature distribution of the tube is calculated through three dimensional coupled electromagnetic and thermal finite element analysis. The skin and proximity effects are considered in the electromagnetic analysis. The influence of the impeder is also analyzed. The effects of the operating welding variables on the temperature distribution are investigated quantitatively by exhibiting the heat affected zone. The results explain the mechanism of significant enhancement of welding efficiency when the impeder is used. Not only good weld state can be obtained but also overheated edge can be avoided by understating the effect of welding variables. Suggestions are made for the better induction welding conditions.