Research Papers

Biomedical Manufacturing: A New Frontier of Manufacturing Research

[+] Author and Article Information
Albert J. Shih

Departments of Mechanical Engineering, and Biomedical Engineering,  University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2125shiha@umich.edu

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 130(2), 021009 (Mar 25, 2008) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2896116 History: Received September 15, 2007; Revised November 20, 2007; Published March 25, 2008

A new frontier of manufacturing research, biomedical manufacturing, is presented. Advanced manufacturing technologies, such as manufacturing processes, systems, and quality control, can be readily applied to improve the safety, quality, cost, efficiency, and speed of healthcare service and biomedical research. The analogy of the hospital as a factory is explored to broadly and inclusively define biomedical manufacturing. Characteristics and engineering needs of biomedical manufacturing are discussed. Examples of the grinding and cutting of plaque in interventional cardiology and laparoscopic surgery on minimizing the nerve tissue thermal damage in surgery are presented to demonstrate the broad spectrum of biomedical manufacturing. On education, the scope and pedagogy for teaching a new senior undergraduate∕first-year-graduate level course in Biomedical Design and Manufacturing are discussed.

Copyright © 2008 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figure 1

(a) Manufacturing share of GDP and employment and healthcare share of GDP and (b) the ratio of manufacturing share of GDP versus the manufacturing share of employment and the healthcare share of GDP versus manufacturing share of GDP

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Figure 2

Share of contributions in the NHE (data adopted from http:∕∕www.cms.hhs.gov∕NationalHealthExpendData)

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Figure 3

Share of the manufacturing GDP from different segments (data obtained from http:∕∕www.bea.gov∕industry∕gpotables)

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Figure 4

Rotational atherectomy for grinding of plaque (courtesy of Boston Scientific)

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Figure 5

Plaque excision system using cutting (courtesy of FoxHollow)

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Figure 6

Prostate and the NVB (courtesy of Brady Urological Institute, Johns Hopkins University)

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Figure 7

Bipolar surgical thermal management: (a) a GyrusACMI laparoscopic bipolar surgical device, (b) tissue thermal damage on in vivo porcine spleen tissue using the bipolar surgical device, and (c) the cooling channel and corresponding reduction of tissue thermal damage in the porcine spleen test



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