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TECHNICAL PAPERS

An Investigation on Manufacturing of the Straight Bevel Gear Using End Mill by CNC Milling Machine

[+] Author and Article Information
Cihan Özel, Ali İnan, Latif Özler

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Fırat University, Elazıǧ, Turkey

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 127(3), 503-511 (Aug 03, 2005) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1863256 History: Received February 05, 2003; Revised November 05, 2004; Online August 03, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
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References

Wiener,  D., 1992, “CNC Technology and the System-Independent Manufacture of Spiral Bevel Gears,” Gear Techno., 9, Sept./Oct, pp. 22–27.
Sheveleva,  G. I., Gundaev,  S. A., and Pogorelov,  V. S., 1989, “Numerical Modelling of The Process of Machining Bevel Gears With Circular Teeth,” Sov. Eng. Res., 69(3), pp. 44–47.
Chang, S. H., Huston, R. L., and Coy, J. J., 1989, “Computer Aided Design of Bevel Gear Tooth Surfaces,” Int. Power Trans. Gearing Conf. New Tech. Power Trans. 90 ASME, New York, pp. 585–591.
Al-Daccak, M. J., and Angeles, J., 1989, “The Modelling of Bevel Gears Using The Exact Spherical Inviolate,” Computer-Aided and Computational Design, ASME, New York, ASME, Design Engineering Division DE Vol. 19-1., No. Pt. 1, pp. 151–156.
Wiener, D., 1990, “Kegelrader Verzahnen,” Werkstatt und Betrieb, Vol. 123, No. 2, pp. 153–157.
Sahraibman,  S. M., 1989, “A Statistical Survey of Gear-Cutting Operations in Various Production Models,” Sov. Eng. Res., 60(2), pp. 29–31.
Zaitsev,  V. V., 1987, “Calculation of the Geometrical Parameters of Gear Cutting Heads,” Sov. Eng. Res., 7(7), pp. 70–71.
Yoshida,  M. and Suetomi,  T., 1987, “The Mechanism of Straight-Bevel Gear Cutting by a Circular-Type Cutter,” Bull. Jpn. Soc. Precis. Eng., 21(4), pp. 301–302.
Segal,  M. G., 1987, “Circular Broaching of Straight Bevel Gears: Expanding The Range of Application,” Sov. Eng. Res., 7(2), pp. 69–71.
Gormanyuk,  N. A., and Cherkashin,  V. P., 1990, “Synthesis of a Gear-Cutting Head With a Separate Scheme For Machining in Conformity With Optimal Parameters of Bevel Transmission Unit,” Sov. Eng. Res., 10(9), pp. 59–62.
Cho,  H. D., Jun,  Y. T., and Yang,  M. Y., 1993, “Five-Axis CNC Milling For Effective Machining of Sculptured Surfaces,” Int. J. Prod. Res., 31(11), pp. 2559–2573.
Roland,  D., 1993, “Parametric Representation of Spherical Bevel Gear Tooth Flanks,” Mech. Mach. Theory, 28(4), pp. 515–522.
The Matterson Patent Bevel Gears Generating Apparatus Catalogue, Brit. Patent 143, 735, U.S. Patent 1, 373, 344. Matterson Ltd., Shawelough, Rochdale, England.
Dudley, D. W., 1962, Gear Handbook, 1st Edition., McGraw-Hill, New York.
DM 2900 Operation Manual, 1966, Dyna Mechtronics Inc. Ltd., Sunnyvale, CA.
Robert, C. J., and Kurt, M. M., 1991, Fundamentals of Machine Component Design, 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Erik, O., Franklin, D. J., and Holbrook, L. H., 1989, Machinery’s Hand Book, 23rd Edition, Industrial Press, New York.

Figures

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Straight bevel gear milling with form cutter
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Schematic diagrams of working motions for generating roll in straight bevel gear cutting
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Machine setting for straight bevel gear cutting with template tooth
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Cutter and machine movements
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Manufacturing dimensions of the straight bevel gear (Σ=90°,m=6 mm,n=10,N=20)
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Relation of the end mill and the rack cutter
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Modeling of the straight bevel gear (axial section of a tooth)
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Location according to the right involute of the end mill (plan view)
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Cutting height for the right involute of the end mill (axial section)
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Projection of two opposing involutes
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Location according to the left involute of the end mill (plan view)
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Cutting height for the left tooth flank of the end mill (axial section)
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Flow chart of the CNC program
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Securing of the straight bevel gear blank in the CNC milling machine
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Measured distances on the straight bevel tooth
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Cusp height resulting from (a) ball mill on the straight bevel tooth, (b) end mill on the straight bevel tooth

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