Analysis of the Cutting Force Components and Friction in High Speed Machining

[+] Author and Article Information
G. Sutter, A. Molinari

L.P.M.M., U.M.R. C.N.R.S. n°7554, I.S.G.M.P., Université de Metz Ile du Saulcy, 57045 Metz Cedex 1, France

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 127(2), 245-250 (Apr 25, 2005) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1863253 History: Received October 05, 2004; Online April 25, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
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Schematic description of the experimental setup
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Details of the tool holding fixture
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Cutting device on numerically controlled lathe
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Different forces in orthogonal cutting process
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Oscillograms from strain gauges located near the tools
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Real time photographs of chip formation for two cutting speeds VC. (a) VC=15 m/s; (b) VC=45 m/s
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Longitudinal (FC) and transverse (FT) cutting forces as a function of the cutting speed for medium carbon steel (42CrMo4), width of cut w=10 mm, depth of cut t1=0.2 mm, rake angle α=0 deg. (♦ ▪: NC lathe ⋄ □: Air gun setup)
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Longitudinal (FC) and transverse (FT) cutting forces as a function of the cutting speed for medium carbon steel (42CrMo4), width of cut w=10 mm, depth of cut t1=0.5 mm, rake angle α=0 deg. (♦ ▪: NC lathe ⋄ □: Air gun setup).
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Effect of the cutting speed on the longitudinal FCe and the transverse FTe edge forces
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The ratio Fctt1=0.5/0.5/Fctt1−0.2/0.2 as a function of the cutting speed for medium carbon steel (42CrMo4), width of cut w=10 mm, rake angle αt=0 deg
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Experimental evolution of friction coefficient at the tool–chip interface for a wide range of cutting speeds




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