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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Character and Behavior of Mist Generated by Application of Cutting Fluid to a Rotating Cylindrical Workpiece, Part 1: Model Development

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Yue, J. Sun, K. L. Gunter, D. J. Michalek, J. W. Sutherland

Dept. of Mechanical Engineering— Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 126(3), 417-425 (Sep 07, 2004) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1765150 History: Received March 10, 2003; Revised February 06, 2004; Online September 07, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

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Eisen,  E. A., Tolbert,  P. E., Hallock,  M. F., and Monson,  R. R., 1994, “Mortality Studies of Machining Fluid Exposure in the Automobile Industry: iii. A Case-Control Study of Larynx Cancer,” Am. J. Ind. Med., 26, pp. 185–202.
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Chen,  Z., Atmadi,  A., Stephenson,  D. A., and Liang,  S. Y., 2000, “Analysis of Cutting Fluid Aerosol Generation for Environmentally Responsible Machining,” CIRP Ann., 49(1), pp. 53–56.
Ko,  T. J., Park,  S. H., and Kim,  H. S., “Experimental Verification of the Mist Generation Mechanism in Turning,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf., 23, pp. 115–120.
Yue, Y., Sutherland, J. W., and Olson, W. W., 1996, “Cutting Fluid Mist Formation in Machining via Atomization,” Design for Manufacturing and Assembly, ASME Bound Volume DE—Vol. 89, pp. 37–46.
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Romano,  M., Allouis,  C., and Beretta,  F., 1998, “Atomization Characteristics of Bitumen Crude-Water Emulsion,” Atomization Sprays, 8(1), pp. 109–121.
Kelmanson,  M. A., 1995, “Theoretical and Experimental Analyses of the Maximum-Supportable Fluid Load on a Rotating Cylinder,” J. Eng. Math., 29, pp. 271–285.
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Hunt,  R., 1992, “The Numerical Solution of the Thin Film Flow Surrounding a Horizontal Cylinder Resulting From a Vertical Cylinder Jet,” Int. J. Numer. Methods Fluids, 14, pp. 539–556.
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Figures

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Cutting fluid mist formation mechanisms in turning
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Relationship of droplet generation and mist behavior model components
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Three modes of atomization: (a) drop formation, (b) ligament formation, and (c) film formation
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Turning operation with fluid stream application
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Two-dimensional schematic for fluid impingement on rotating cylinder and resulting flow and film formation
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Rims and ligaments in turning
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Maximum cutting fluid flow rate capable of being sustained by rotating workpiece
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Effect of spindle speed on mean droplet diameter for several workpiece diameter and fluid flow rate combinations
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Effect of cutting speed on mean droplet diameter for several workpiece diameter and fluid flow rate combinations
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Effect of cutting speed and spindle speed on mean droplet diameter for several cutting fluid compositions
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Dynamic PM10 mass concentration behavior during fluid application
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Droplet distributions: 15 and 35 minutes after fluid application ends

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