RESEARCH PAPERS: Additional Technical Papers

Chatter Vibration of Lathe Tools. Part 1: General Characteristics of Chatter Vibration

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Marui

Department of Precision Engineering, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu-shi, 501-11, Japan

S. Ema

Department of Education, Gifu University, Nagara-Jonouchi, Gifu-shi, 502, Japan

S. Kato

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464, Japan

J. Eng. Ind 105(2), 100-106 (May 01, 1983) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3185866 History: Received February 01, 1982; Online July 30, 2009


The primary chatter vibration of turning tools is investigated experimentally. The vertical displacement of the turning tool and the fluctuating cutting force in the primary chatter vibration are measured simultaneously to investigate the characteristics and the resulting vibration mechanism, when cutting a top of the square thread of mild steel or cast iron. As a result, it is clarified that the relief angle varies widely with the vibration of the turning tool, the primary chatter vibration is self-excited, and the vibratory energy is provided by the frictional force acting in the contact between the tool flank and workpiece.

Copyright © 1983 by ASME
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