Development of a Prototype Regenerable Carbon Dioxide Absorber for Portable Life Support Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Onischak, B. Baker

Energy Research Corporation, Danbury, Conn.

J. Eng. Ind 100(3), 383-385 (Aug 01, 1978) (3 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3439445 History: Received April 11, 1977; Online July 15, 2010


The design and development of a prototype carbon dioxide absorber using potassium carbonate (K2 CO3 ) is described. Absorbers are constructed of thin, porous sheets of supported K2 CO3 that are spirally wound to form a cylindrical reactor. Axial gas passages are formed between the porous sheets by corrugated screen material. Carbon dioxide and water in an enclosed life support system atmosphere react with potassium carbonate to form potassium bicarbonate. The potassium carbonate is regenerated by heating the potassium bicarbonate to 150° C at ambient pressure. The extravehicular mission design conditions are for one man for 8 h. Results are shown for a subunit test module investigating the effects of heat release, length-to-diameter ratio, and active cooling upon performance. The most important effect upon carbon dioxide removal is the temperature of the potassium carbonate.

Copyright © 1978 by ASME
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