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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Modeling of Residual Stress in Grinding of Nodular Cast Iron

[+] Author and Article Information
Guoxian Xiao, Robin Stevenson

Manufacturing Systems Research Laboratory, MC: 480-106-359, General Motors Research and Development Center, Warren, MI 48090-9055

Ihab M. Hanna, Scott A. Hucker

General Motors Powertrain Group, Warren, MI

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 124(4), 833-839 (Oct 23, 2002) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1510519 History: Received May 01, 2001; Revised December 01, 2001; Online October 23, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Chen, X., Rowe, W. B., and McCormack, D. F., 1999, “Predicting Onset of Tensile Residual Stress in Grinding,” Proc. of 3rd International Machining & Grinding Conference, pp. 769–781.
Kato,  T., and Fujii,  H., 2000, “Temperature Measurement of Workpieces in Conventional Surface Grinding,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 122, pp. 297–305.
Malkin, S., 1989, Grinding Technology—Theory and Application of Machining with Abrasives, Ellis Horwood Limited, pp. 144–150.
Shewmon, P., 1964, Diffusion in Solids, McGraw-Hill Series in Materials Science and Engineering, pp. 1–18.
Johns, D. J., 1965, Thermal Stress Analyses, Pergamon Press, pp. 1–11.
ASM International, 1990, “Elevated Temperature Properties of Ferritic Steels,” Metals Handbook, 1, ASM International, Metals Park OH, pp. 617–652.
Bellows, G., 1983, “Low Stress Grinding for Quality Production,” MDC 83-103, Metcut Research Associates, pp. 15–26.
Hornbach, D. J., 2000, “X-Ray Diffraction Determination of the Residual Stress Distributions in Seven Nodular Iron Intake Cams,” Lambda Research Report 277-9580, pp. 2–3.
Prevey,  P. S., 1986, “The Use of Pearson VII Distribution Functions in X-Ray Diffraction Residual Stress Measurement,” Adv. In X-Ray Anal. 29, pp. 103–111.
Prevey,  P. S., 1977, “A Method of Determining the Elastic Properties of Alloys in Selected Crystallographic Directions for X-Ray Diffraction Residual Stress Measurement,” Adv. In X-Ray Anal., 20, pp. 345–354.
Koistinen,  D. P., and Marburger,  R. E., 1959, “A Simplified Procedure for Calculating Peak Position in X-Ray Residual Stress Measurement on Hardened Steel,” Trans. ASM, 51, pp. 537–550.
Moore,  M. G., and Evans,  W. P., 1958, “Mathematical Corrections for Stress in Removed Layers in X-Ray Diffraction Residual Stress Analysis,” Trans. SAE, 66, pp. 340–345.

Figures

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Illustration of grinding process
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Triangular grinding temperature profile in the grinding zone
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Temperature distribution without cooling at the end of grinding zone
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Simple two-bar structure
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Schematic illustration of thermal and process influences on an isolated section of workpiece
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A typical residual stress distribution. Curve fitted to measured points.
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Simulated (line) and measured (dot) residual stress for Cycle 1
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Simulated (line) and measured (dot) residual stress for Cycle 2
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Simulated (line) and measured (dot) residual stress for Cycle 3
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Simulated (line) and measured (dot) residual stress for Cycle 4

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