Waste-Treatment Applications of Reverse Osmosis

[+] Author and Article Information
J. E. Cruver

Roga® Systems Division, General Atomic Company, San Diego, Calif.

J. Eng. Ind 97(1), 246-251 (Feb 01, 1975) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3438546 History: Received May 08, 1974; Online July 15, 2010


Reverse osmosis has come of age as a unit operation and is finding increasing usage in water and waste treatment. Large-scale (100–1000 gpm) units are currently operating throughout the world on a wide variety of feed streams. This paper summarizes the status of development of reverse-osmosis processing of municipal and industrial waste streams. Plants are described which process secondary effluent, metal-finishing wastes, and textile dye wastes. Capital and operating costs are also presented for reverse osmosis and compared with those of other desalting methods.

Copyright © 1975 by ASME
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