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TECHNICAL PAPERS

An Embedded Friction Sensor Based on a Strain-Gauged Diaphragm

[+] Author and Article Information
A. Dellah, P. M. Wild, T. N. Moore, M. Shalaby, J. Jeswiet

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 124(3), 523-527 (Jul 11, 2002) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1461839 History: Received February 01, 2000; Revised September 01, 2001; Online July 11, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Larsen-Basse, J., 1995, “Basic Theory of Solid Friction,” ASM Handbook, Vol. 18, Friction, Lubrication and Wear Technology, ASM International, pp. 27, 30, 35, 37.
Van Rooyen, G. T., and Backofen, W. A., 1957, “Friction in Cold Rolling,” J. Iron Steel Inst., London, June, pp. 235–244.
Al-Salehi,  F. A. R., Firbank,  T. C., and Lancaster,  P. R., 1973, “An Experimental Determination of the Roll Pressure Distribution in Cold Rolling,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., 15, pp. 693–710.
Banerji, A., and Rice, W. B., 1972, “Experimental Determination of Normal Pressure and Friction Stress in the Roll Gap During Cold Rolling,” CIRP Ann., pp. 53–54.
Jeswiet,  J., and Rice,  W. B., 1982, “The Design of a Sensor for Measuring Normal Pressure and Friction Stress in the Roll Gap During Cold Rolling,” Transactions of SME/NAMRI, 10, pp. 130–134.
Britten,  D., and Jeswiet,  J., 1986, “A Sensor for Measuring Normal Forces with Through and Transverse Friction Forces in the Roll Gap,” Transactions of SME/NAMRI, 14, pp. 355–358.
Nyahumwa,  C., and Jeswiet,  J., 1993, “A Sensor for Measuring Metal Deformation Interface Forces,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 39, pp. 251–268.
Li,  M., Klamecki,  B. E., and Weinmann,  K. J., 1992, “SN-Gauge and Instrumented Pin: Devices to Measure Shear and Normal Tool Forces in Sheet Metal Forming,” Transactions of SME/NAMRI, 20, pp. 103–107.
Schey, J. A., 1983, Tribology in Metalworking, ASM, pp. 204–224.
Du,  H., and Klamecki,  B. E., 1999, “Force Sensors Embedded in Surfaces for Manufacturing and Other Tribological Process Monitoring,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 121, pp. 739–748.

Figures

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Illustration of the diaphragm sensor concept
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Strain distribution on rear surface of diaphragm (Normal Stress=4.39 MPa, Shear Stress=0.439 MPa in positive x-direction)
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(a) Photograph of sensor tee with a dime; (b) insertion of sensor tee into sensor block; (c) section of sensor block and sensor
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Friction sensor calibration instrument
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(a) Experimental response of sensor to shear force variations at different normal loads; (b) finite element modeled response of sensor to shear force variations at different normal loads
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(a) Experimental measured strain versus normal force; (b) finite element modeled strain versus normal force
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(a) Interpretation of dual gage sensor output based on experimental data; (b) interpretation of dual gage sensor output based on finite element data

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